Pour la prise de notes / cours d’anglais

De la part de Tom, 16 janvier:
  • Mes deux derniers commentaires ici:
1. SVP SAUFGARDEZ CES NOTES AILLEURS SI VOUS PENSEZ QU'ELLES PUISSENT VOUS ETRE UTILES !
2. UN ENORME MERCI A MATHILDE ET AUSSI A MARGAUX POUR LA TRANSCRIPTION de tant d'elements de nos cours ici (que ce soit des infos orales, le chat...) : boulot monstre et super-utile !!!

Lundi 10 janvier
Lien zoom : https://supagro-fr.zoom.us/j/97164367316
Adresse du WIKI : https://wikis.cdrflorac.fr/wikis/Anglais21/?PagePrincipale

good websites for translation: deepl.com or wordreference.com
https://www.deepl.com/translator - https://www.wordreference.com/

ET LA LUMIERE FUT ! : and there was light !!!
https://supagro-fr.zoom.us/j/93956057571

MONDAY
Programme : Lundi

  • tour de présentation : 2 affirmations pour chacun ; l'une vrai l'autre fausse NO! WE ADAPT!
  • Texte vocabulaire (rubrique ressources sur le Wiki) / travail individuel
- mettre chaque terme en liaison avec l'explication qui correspond - répondre sur ce pad en mettant p.ex 1C
  • ecoute extrait radio
  • vidéo de la BBC (2 extraits) - compréhension orale et réponse aux questions
Pour prendre des notes c'est ICI

vocabulary exercise :
Tom:
1D 2G 3 A 4J 5B 6K 7P 8L 9F 10 0 11 I 12N 13C 14E 15M 16H
1 with D
Mgx : 1-D/ 2-G/ 3-A/ 4-J/ 5-B/ 6-K/ 7-P/ 8- L/ 9-F/ 10-O/ 11-I/ 12-N / 13-C / 14-E / 15-M / 16-H
Coralie : 5: B/ 15 : M/ 6:E /13 : C/2 : G /12 : N /16 : H /3 : O /9 : F /14 : J /10 : I / 8 : L / 15:p
Lise : 1D / 2G/ 3A / 4J / 5B / 6K / 7P / 8L / 9F / 10O / 11I / 12N / 13C / 14E / 15:M / 16H
Maïlove : 9F / 12N / 10 O/ 5B/ 2 G / 7 P/ 6 K / 14 E / 13 C/ 11 I/ 16 H/ 2 G / 3 A / 4 J/ 8 L / 15 M
Laurie : 1-D / 2-G / 3- A /4-J / 5-B/ 6-K / 7-P / 8-L / 9-F /10-O / 11-I /12-N/13-C/14-E/15-M/ 16-H
Mélanie : 1-D/ 2-G/3-A/4/5/6/7-P/8/9-F/10/11/12-N/13-C/14/15-M/16-H
Thaïs : 1-D / 2-G / 3-A / 4-J / 5-B / 6-K / 7-p / 8-L / 9-F / 10-O / 11-I / 12-N / 13-C /14-E / 15-M/ 16-H
Léni et Manon : A-3 / B-5 / C-13 / D-1 / E-14 / F-9 / G-2 /
Sylwia: 1=D/2=G/3=A/4=J/5=B/6=K/7=P/8=L/9=F/10=O/11=I/12=N/13=C/14=E/15=M/16=H.
Mathilde : 1:D/ 2:G/ 3:A / 4:J / 5:B / 6: K / 7:P / 8:L / 9:F / 10:O / 11:I / 12: N / 13: C / 14:E / 15:M/ 16: H /
Victor : 1 -D, I 2- G ,3 -O,4-j,5-b,6-k,7-p, 8- ... , 9- f and a , 10 - O , 11 - I, 12 - N, 13 - C, 14 - L, 15 - M, 16 -H,
Olivia : 1D, 2G, 3..,

Radio extract : "the soil 'postcode lottery'"
what does it mean???
Tirage au sort selon le code postal ?
"things are different dependly where you live"

why the soil ? probably it's the thematic of the video / oooow.. ok the soil is "la terre" so... la loterie de la terre selon là où tu vis ?

Vocabulary from the audio on carbon capture in the soil :
  • soil : le sol
  • clay : argile
  • sand : sable
- greenhouse gases : gaz à effet de serre
- drought : When there is not enough water and the soil is very dry.
- flood : An example : when there is too much water in a river and the water goes in the cities or in fields.
  • organic matter : matière organique
  • improvement : amélioration
  • regenerative farming :
- subsidies : subventions
- outcome : the result
- huge : enormous
- purpose : objective, goal
- undeniable : like in french
- grazing : when cows, sheep (etc) eat grass outside, in fields, in the mountains etc.
- carbon capture / carbon sequestration : taking the carbon from the atmosphere and storing it-> for exemple in trees, plants and the soil. and carbon is good for plants because it improves them

  • soil improvement to increase carbon capture for decrease global warming
- which soil is good for carbon capture? (à écouter dans l'extrait)
with organic matter (matière organique) : create pore structure, microcommunity and more efficient, more oxygen,
with clay

national strategie for carbon capture = government paid agricultor for this action
critics : government paid (subsidies) agricultors which clay AND which sand soil so.... i'ts logical or not ? what' sayd scientist ? :

RADIO EXTRACT
precise benefits of carbon capture
1. better water penetration and stockage and repartition
2. improved pore structure of the soil



TUESDAY

what is UK ? great britain and Northern Ireland
What is great britain ?

Exercise : What's the weather like ?
It's cloudy.
It's ver sunny and very dry.
There is a big storm with a lot of wind.
->Ways to say it's very hot --> It's boiling.
it's sweltering (very very hot)
heat wave = canicule
->Ways to say it's very cold : freezing
foggy = brumeux / brouillard (fog)
sleet = neige et pluie en meme temps = neige fondue
whiteout = voile blanc
-> Ways to say it's raining : It's pouring.
it's really pissing it down = like in french il pleut comme vache qui pisse but is not polite
hail = grêle
overflood = déborder (en lien avec les crues)

Group Exercise on seasons (with picture)
Salle 3 :
  • spring or autumn / same - transition / summer and winter and the begining autumn (lot of raining)
  • episod cevenol (flood) autumn / heatwaves summer
  • it's not normal very hot in winter and mix of different temperature. the constrat between the season is less clear. reasons : climate change is normal changement of the earth but humans activities accelerate it. human activities have impact on the soil and is vicious circle because lot of flood or drought for exemple.
  • blizzards / flooding / forest fires / heatwaves / drought / smog /
  • not significant in metropolitan france but it's possible (tidal surges in saintes marie de la mer in 1785) and hurrricanes/cyclones/typhoons more in DOMTOM

Smog= brouillard caused by pollution (sm[oke] + [f]og)
Traffic jam = bouchons

Video on extreme weather / climate change
Target audience = public cible
Some people said the video feels manipulative. They are playing with our emotions.
-> Coralie said this movie is anxiety inducing (= anxiogène).
-> Alexia said the video focuses too much on negative things. She said it's time to act not to cry.
Many problems are shown (= montrés) and not solutions.
-> Olivia : i said that we saw some documents around anomal condition or veganism and it was said in som documents that convince people with "emotions" is less efficient that convince them by explaining the problem with all the point of views - counterproductive
renewable energy = énergies renouvelables
threat = menace ; crop= une récolte ; frost= le gel ; stubborn optimism= optimisme têtu -> être déterminé à être optimiste ; roll up your sleeves = se retrousser les manches c’est un peu comme mettre les mains dans le cambouis, passer à l’action.
offshore wind farm = éoliennes sur la mer
renewable energy= energie renouvelable
the root problem: (root= racine) -> the fundamental problem
-> Margaux says the problem comes from money.
Overconsumption / the consumer society is also a big issue (= problem).
vicious circle = cercle vicieux
is it on purpose ? : est-ce que c'est volontaire / le but ?
denial = déni
monsoon= la mousson (saison des pluies)
harvest= récolte / moisson
coping = managing
unusually= inhabituellement, anormalement
banks = the sides along the river (les berges)
burst = explode, break
struggling = avoir des difficultés
advise = conseil / to advise = conseiller

Questions for the radio reports
These are radio reports from the future in which we imagine the effects of climate change in different parts of the world.

1 What is the weather event?
2 Where in the world is it?
3 When does it happen?


Report 1 -> in India, fires, droughts and heat waves
There is no monsoon.
People have to leave their houses because of the fires and the droughts which kill their crops. In consequence, these people have to go live in camps.
crops = culture
on average = en moyenne

Report 2 -> in Siberia / Russia, fires in normally cold regions
peat bog = tourbière
peat= tourbe
stores = stock
There is peat in the soil of the tundra. The peat stores carbon so when it burns, the carbon goes back into the air. This creates greenhouse emissions.

Report 3 -> Saudi Arabia, there has been snow in the winters since 2021
The children made a snow camel because they thought a snowman was too boring.

least probable ? le moins probable ?
the worst ? le pire ?


Emergency Planning Committee exercise
Afternoon project, working in groups: imagine that you are the Emergency Planning Committee of your town, and an extreme weather event is on its way. Research what measures are necessary to stay safe, and write a series of tweets telling the public what they need to do.

Room 1 (chloé, margaux, lise, victor, coralie) : extreme weather event : sharknado (lot of wind and everytime and effects like teeth of shark and sharks falling + weather is different before and after + it's during 2 days + they fall from the sky and are attracted by the water )

- EXTREME WEATHER Orange Alert : The biannual Sharknado level 5 is very soon impacting the city of Florac 3 river Keep Calm and stay courageous
- if you have stuff or animals outside > put it inside, BUT, if its too big or heavy or huge (sheet metal, toboggan, garden furniture...) contact pickup of city hall (0898908901), they will come to pick it.
- make sure you have food and water for 3 days (if not, contact de 0666)
- if you know someone isolated without telephone or radio, please contact city of hall (0898908901) if you can't contact in real life this personne
- Listen to Radio Bartas 107,00FM
- if you are shepherd, keep your sheep, horse, cow inside (infrastructures for this extreme event)

REMEMBER TO SPELL CHECK using the Internet ;-)
- EXTREME WEATHER Red Alert : The biannual Sharknado level 5 is now impacting the city of Florac 3 river
- STAY at home, close the windows and don't open any tap of your home (Sharks can be attracted to water)
- It's not recommanded to EAT meat because sharks can smell blood.
- in case of a shark attack : Take your harpoon with you and be ready to smash the eyes of the shark
- When you are hurt, wrap your wound with aluminum paper, and so the sharks don't smell you.
- a shark fall in your garden ? it's normal, it's happened, don't touch it and let it return to the Tarnon.


Room 2 (Mathilde, Laurie, Sylwia, Mélanie)
"EMERGENCY WARNING ! There is a snow storm and a blizzard coming to Florac this evening"
"Please keep calm : to stay safe follow the guidelines we will be tweeting. "
" You must stay inside a hard-wall building until the end of the blizzard alert. Don't use the car under any circumstances. "
"You must close the doors, shutters and windows until the end of the blizzard alert"
"if you have to go outside : try not to be alone and wear warm clothes to protect yourself"
"Protect your personal papers : ID Card, driving licence..."
"Please drive only in the case of an emergency and drive very slowly and carefully."
"Don't be mean, keep your animals inside."
"You might consider drinking a lot of vodka to keep warm."
"Warn your neighbours and your parents but be careful not to clutter the telephone network."
"To stay informed about the situation, listen to a wireless radio."
"There might be a power outage : gather your candles and your flashlights."
" The blizzard will only last tonight so no need to run to the supermarket !"

"Enjoy your life !!!!"


Room 3: Maylis, Marie, Alexia, Maïlove
  • !!EMERGENCY WARNING!!
  • The river overflows and this advertisement is a message to the population for flood cautions to stay safe :
  • Turn off electricity to avoid danger with water
  • Close doors and windows to avoid infiltration
  • People have to go on the roof of their house because the water level rises
    • Do not stay in a closed place (car, room...) because the water rising and you can be drowned
  • Keep pets with you to protect them
  • Take the strictly necessary stuff
  • Use any means of navigating if you have it (like an inflatable boat, small boat, something to float...)


WEDNESDAY

THE PROGRAMME FOR WEDNESDAY: SPORT IN A CLIMATE CRISIS
A.M. kick off / get started/ let's start
Introduction: exploring the connection between sporting events – such as (tel que) the upcoming Winter Olympics and the Football World Cup – and the climate.
Warm up exercise : working in pairs, play a quick round of 'vocabulary tennis'.
Discuss what sports you play and/or are a fan of. What is the environmental impact of that sport? Present your ideas to the class.
_
Read article on: 'When it comes to (en matière de) climate action, the ball is in sport’s court' (la balle est dans le camp du sport). Discuss and then answer multiple choice test.
Watch a short film on the Copenhill Green Ski Slope in Copenhagen.
LUNCH
P.M.
Read and discuss article about the 'Forest Green Rovers' (the first vegan football club!).
Prepare ideas and format for afternoon project

Afternoon project, working in groups: choose a sporting event – perhaps even (peut-être même) a local one! Mille Rivieres? The 160km de Florac? – and write a letter to the organiser suggesting ways in which (suggérer des moyens de/proposer) they could reduce its environmental impact.

"Vocabulary tennis" exercise
Racket sports
Outdoor sports
Winter sports : hiking with snowshoes, ski, ski jumping, snowboarding, ice skating (solo, in couple, choreographed ice skating), sledge, bobsleigh, ice-hockey, ski touring, cross-country skiing, snowkite, curling, skeleton (check on google or on youtube it's... SCARY)
Fighting sports
Water sports : kitesurf, stand up paddle, waterpolo, catamaran, swimming, scuba diving, water skiing, surf, canyoning, water walking (longe-côte), rowing, kayak,
Horse sports
Extreme sports : slackline (mountain)/highline, climbing, Via Ferata, Mountaineering, rafting, Bungee jumping, canyoning, Abseiling, potholing, paralangage, parachute deltaplan,
Team sports : rugby, football, indoor football (footsalle), hockey, waterpolo, relay, badminton, handball, baseball, softball, american football, synchronised swimming, beach handball, cricket, canadian football, bobsleigh, ice skating (in couples), rowing, sailing
Wind sports
Choreographed sports
Motors sports: car racing, motorbike racing

Entraîne (consequence) : result in / involve / lead to
to spend (not monnay) : to spend

What are the environmental impacts of sports ?
- Soccer: a lot of travelling, the maintenance of the lawn (chemicals and water),
-> Some sports use a lot of water.
-> Other sports also disturb and destroy nature.
-> Problem of over crowding which also disturbs, damages (abime) nature.

Worst= le pire
Trainers = sport shoes

Margaux asks : why do we practice sports ?
Olivia says it's for good for our health, it's good for the body.
Alexia : Sports are good to deal with stress. It's good for mental health. She also says sports are good for backaches. She says that backaches are the problem of the century.
Chloe D. : Sports help us to reestablish the connection between mind and body.
Chloe G. : In our society, the body is just a tool.

"Usain Bolt burned about 10kcal of energy to win his gold during the 200 metre sprint final at the 2016 Rio Olympics, roughly equivalent to powering an old 60W light bulb for 11 minutes, or just one gummy bear (apparently you can measure energy in gummy bears). If you could harness all the power generated by all the athletes during the Games, you would still be nowhere close to reaching the 29.5 billion Watts it is estimated was consumed overall by the athletes, spectators and organisers over the event. We take sport for granted, but do we ever consider its cost to the planet?"
Paragraph 1
a Runners like Usain Bolt are efficient because they use very little energy.
b Sports events use a lot of energy. +++++++++++
c The Olympic Games should not continue because they are not sustainable.

"From the water required to maintain the golf course during The Masters tournament in Augusta to the hundreds of flights it takes to bring football fans to a World Cup, to the tonnes of freight shipped from venue to venue during Formula 1’s season, major sports events are not helping much in the fight against global heating. What’s more, there is a lack of recognition within sport of its responsibilities and little discussion about possible solutions. "
Paragraph 2
  • a The sporting world isn’t paying much attention to its environmental responsibilities. +++++++
b There are different reasons each sport affects the environment. re++++++
c Solutions to the environmental damage caused by sport are difficult to identify.

"This is strange given that the effect works both ways; the climate crisis is not just affected by sports, it is already having a negative impact on many sports. When ice-climber Will Gadd set out to conquer the world’s glaciers he didn’t realise it would become a race against climate change. ‘I’d seen pictures of the ice on [Mount] Kilimanjaro … and I thought glaciers are there forever – they don’t go away. I started reading research papers on Africa, and one of them said the ice on Kilimanjaro could be gone in as little as five years.’ When he arrived at the summit, Gadd was shocked: ‘The ice … wasn’t there, it was gone. The things I planned to climb were gone.’ "
Paragraph 3
a Global heating threatens sports that rely on ice and snow.
b Sport is a good way to communicate the climate crisis because you can see its effects.
  • c Not only does sport affect the climate, the climate affects sport. ++++++++++++

"Global heating is noticeable in other sports. Amy Steel played professional netball until 2016, when she suffered from heatstroke after playing in 39°C conditions. Unfortunately, the damage was permanent, and Steel only has to run for a few minutes for her body to overheat and shut down. More and more, tennis players face even higher temperatures in tournaments – 42.2°C at points during the 2014 Australian Open. Not only that, but extreme weather events made more frequent as a result of global heating mean sporting events are more often delayed or cancelled. The Covid-19 pandemic itself likely stems from human mismanagement of wildlife, and that has cost sport billions in revenue. "
Paragraph 4
a The financial cost of the climate crisis to the sports world will be significant.
b Heat is making some sports events dangerous for athletes.++++++++++
  • c The climate crisis is affecting sport in different ways.

"Yet sport can be a powerful motivator and has the potential to communicate the climate crisis to its fans: it can bring even the most macho of men to tears and unite whole nations behind its teams. Could sport have a role to play in driving climate awareness and empowering people to take action? Will Gadd and Amy Steel are among a growing number of athletes who think so. Gadd hopes that the striking images of his climbs will raise awareness of the effects of global heating, while Amy now works on emissionsreporting for large financial corporations, aiming to reduce their emissions. One thing is certain. Sport, like humanity itself, is in a race against time. It must put climate change at the top of its agenda and decarbonise at a Usain Bolt-like pace if we’re going to get a handle on climate Paragraph 5 a There are many sportspeople who are fighting the climate crisis. (+) b There is a way for sport to be part of the solution, not part of the problem. ++++++++++ c Sport cannot reduce its carbon emissions quickly enough. in brackets : entre parenthèses raise awareness : sensibiliser / augmenter la sensibilité Video on the Copenhill Green Ski Slope in Copenhagen Olivia asks : where does the waste go ? Margaux thinks this does not answer the real problem, it is just a bandage. but in the world's context, maybe it's the only way (not so radical) to change mentality... For Chloé D. , this is questionable because it encourages green growth. -> Taking something problematic and using it to entertain people. She thinks this project is greenwashing. Alexia : it's problematic to encourage to recycle and not to reduce the waste. The environmental benefits of this project : the power plant; it helps change the way people see rubbish; maybe it encourages people not to travel as much to go the mountains; -> The journalist talks about Bjarke Ingels concept of "hedonistic sustainability" Paradigm shift = changement de paradigme raise awareness = sensibiliser -> The video was like an advertisement and the journalist was not critical at all. Chloe says this is manipulative because it gives the impression that the video is objective. Article on the first "vegan football club" The solutions proposed in the article : providing vegan food to the players and the fans, electric charging points for electric cars, use of solar panels to produce energy for the stadium, organic grass for the lawn, collection of rainwater to water the lawn, club strip made from composite materials, However (=cependant), this article seems to be about "green growth" -> making money through sustainable projects. Tom asks if we are skeptical (=sceptique). engendrer = generate Magali says that ecologists and vegans are expected to be more methodical, logical and flawless. ->Why are people so easily critical of what ecologists or vegans do ? (We are using this example because it is a good example of ethical choices that are visible to other people.) - Because they feel guilty for their lack (=manque) of action - Because they want to reassure themselves about their lifestyle - There is a mirror effect and the people are faced (=doivent faire face) with their contradictions -> so they are reassured if they see flaws in the behaviour of vegans (for example). Olivia and Laurie say that the article doesn't provide any statistics or numbers to prove what they are saying. If you want to read another person's opinion LATER: Can dance be considered a sport? | LearnEnglish Teens - British Council ok, thank you ! Afternoon project working in groups: choose a sporting event – perhaps even (peut-être même) a local one! Mille Rivieres? The 160km de Florac? – and write a letter to the organiser suggesting ways in which (suggérer des moyens de/proposer) they could reduce its environmental impact. Room 1 : Maïlove, Coralie, Marie : The Chestnut Trail As every years, the popular Chestnut Trail takes place in the Cevennes next to Florac. Organisers, to minimise your ecological impact during the organisation of your event, we recommend the following actions : - Promote waste separation bins at strategic points (finish and start of the race) to prevent illegal dumping. Don't damage your beautiful landscape ! - Offer at refreshment cereal/energy bars without packaging made locally, to avoid the plastic pollution. - Offer eco-cup or gourds instead of plastic bottles to reduce rubbish. - Use t-shirts made from recycled materials and no longer write a date on them so that those that are not used one year can be used the following year. - Install a mobile composting toilet for more environmentally friendly commissions without chemicals and excess water consumption. - Promote a food stand with local or homemade products, visitors will be happy to shave ! - Forget the goodies! Your runners can be rewarded with a local product, like chestnuts from Lozère for example! We thank you for your involvement in supporting the ecological cause. Room 2 (Olivia ChloéG Lise) Dear organization commitment, We are the Green Sport Commitee of Supagro. We want to share some ideas for a more sustainable event. Here are some ideas and if you want to came it true, we will enjoy to help you! We know that it's a Ultimate Occitanie competition. There are 42 players organized in 6 pools. We think it's an important point to have local and vegetarian food, As you know, the meat industry is the 2nd most polluting. Make food local and vegetarian can make a difference on the carbon footprint! Sportive people need energy, what a better gift as a local and seasonial juice to have more vitamine ? You can use à bicylceblender : people choose the fruits, they put it in the blender, and then they need to pedal to mix the fruit and have their wonderfull juice ! We sell local beer and local drink for create a convivial sphere and support littles producers. or the drinking stuff, don't forgot to propose ecocup instead of disposible cutlery. In exchange of deposit, public can keep the cup or not. You can have the Zerowaste label, for this you have to pay attention at some points : If you want to sell snacks, make sure that it doesn't bring plastic packaging. For the electricity, we can give you the contact of Enercoop. It's a great and ethical alternative to the basics providers of electricity. We create a web page consecreated to carpooling for make transport easier and reduce the carbon footprint . As you know, there is a lack of water in south of France, bring water in sports ground is complicated. That's why we encourage you to use and instal composting toilet in your event. To keep the grass clean and healthy, we invite you to invite an environmental raise awareness association who propose free pocket ashtray, metalic gourd for free. It's a good ethical way to improve safe behaviour for the environment. It exist event doing "welcome kit", you can do a Jock welcome kit: With a registration price, we give a welcome kit. It's contain concencious snack, a metalic gourd, a teeshirt made in lozère (screen painting...) and other tools for reduce waste and support jocks to realize there environment impact and possible alternatives. We desire you a wonderful competition, Don't hesitate in contacting us, Room 3 Victor, Laurie, Mélanie : https://mensuel.framapad.org/p/letter-9rxr?lang=fr "Hello Jean-Eude, I hope you are doing well ! Following our last meeting, we send you a letter with our differents propositions for the Bike race for Ardèche next to September. Together, llet's make your event more sustainable ! First, about the Food organisation, this is our advises : - About the food for the cathering and the food you will sell to the public, you could buy all the products in local farms. There are soo many advantages ! In that way, you will feed the local economy, and reduce the carbon impact of transportation. Futhermore, it will be easier for your staff because working with local farmers give your more adaptility and smooth interactions. -You could use dishes in glass and even buy all the dishes from a local second hand store (you will find a list of adresses in the end of the mail). There are also several benefits : you will reduced the quantity of waist produced on the race. You will also save money and will feed the local economy. " other ideas : - the race : - cathering (for the staff + for the cyclistes) -> ethical food ex : local food, organic or reasonable food : local bieres, local wine/ we could submit a system of ecocup. - dry toilets / compost toilets -> to have glass dishes (or reused dishes -> keep the water from rain to wash the dishes - the area for the public (how do we manage so many people ?) - the end of the race - electric consommation - and how do we manage with rubbishes - to limit the number of cars following the cyclists : 1- instead we have one car for each cyclist, we could have 1 car for each team. We could park theses cars on a strategical point so cars could reach cyclists in case they need it. Room 4 : Mathilde, Chloé D., Alexia Dear Committee of the "Nasty Car Race", I am so glad to see the organisation of the "Nasty Car Race" is going well. This project is really close to my heart. Since my early childhood, race is a passion. Many of us think that race isn't compatible with the climate issues. But this year, for the first time, we will show to the world how car race can be a stepping stone for sustainable alternatives ! As a sponsor of this beautiful event, let me advise you about some points : We would like to recommend the use of upcycled cars in order to limit waste and the use of raw materials. This will also allow you to save some money. You can use the green oil produced by local farmers instead of using petrol. It's better to limit the pollution of the exhaust pipe and to support the local economy. The race takes place in Lozere where there are many local farmers who could provide for your food stand and you could propose vegetarian food. This would be a great way to support the local economy and to promote healthy food. You could also easily install composting toilets which will greatly reduce water waste. This will also be a way to educate the spectators about environmentally friendly practices. For the waste, you could put a recycling bin to separate trash during the event and you could propose to reduce waste with accept personnal packagings of people on the food stands. Thank you for considering these proposals. I'm really proud, today, to participate to realise this common dream. Sincerely, Mr. Speedy Gonzales from the Sunflower Foundation ROOM 5 (sylwia, margaux, amélie) cevennes's rallye cars ideas : dry/composting toilets, local beer, local and season food, bivouac drive with pee/urine, motorisation of trucks and vehicules and emissions from necessary logistic Be carefoul with all animals on your road ! - propositions >> reasons Misters or misses, dear organisers of cevennes's rallye cars in the context of your event, we would like to make a few suggestions to help reduce the environmental impact of human activities and thus enable our children (futures generations) to live in a healthy/safe world. - New innovation : pee oil (from horses or humans) >> unlimited ressources and good speed and turbo performances - Bivouac in flexyurt, tepee, big tent, hamac >> provides excellent relaxation (better human performance after), reduce budget spending, - use little solars panels for electricité, roughly >> - Composting toilets >> reduce water spending, contribute to people have composting - Local beer, seasons food >> -------------------------------------------- THURSDAY Carbon footprint : the effect that a person/ company etc has on the environment. flat share : colocation in appartment (house share, student residence...) Travel boradens the mind : le voyage ouvre l'esprit ROOM 1 Mélanie & Victor - Use a compst, reduce the waste - Chicken house (chicken eat the rest of the meal and give for the family eggs) - Buy food for local farms (juices, yogurts, fruits and vegetables) - Returnable glass bottles - Build ecological swimmpool in the garden (we use plants to clean the water). With this methodology, we don't use chemical products. - Put the bottle in the system water tank toilet to reduce the consumption of water - To irrigate flower pot, we don't use drinking water but we use rainwater, with a water collector. - When we make long travel, we are not alone during all the road but we make carpooling ROOM 7 (marie Margaux) Less heating all houses (18 or 19 degrees at the day and 16 or 17 degrees at the night) Grey water for clothes washing, toilets, and rainwater for washing dishes OR composting toilets Reusable wipes OR water instead of toilet paper Stop or reduce packaging, eat less, eat better (season, local, vegatarian, raw at the begining (when you buy) Use a compost for plants or for chicken Use alternatives electricity suppliers (Planete oui/enercoop. to be discussed..) Use soft energies for cooking (solar, thermal). Energy is recovered ! And make a desert fridge. (Fabriquer un frigo qui ne consomme pas d'énergie ! - YouTube) Furnish the house with second-hand furniture, salvage and renovate + clothes second-hand Repairing our own broken tools and appliances. Let's be independent from the services of over-consumption ! Networking with neighbours for sharing tools Setting up a vegetable garden if you have a garden or alternatives to the vegetable garden if you have a flat or small living space (hanging vegetable garden). Sow old varieties for in your vegetabal garden example. >>Open our house for practice exchange with others persons. >> RELATIONSHIP IS VERY IMPORTANT, AND IF WE WANT DEVELOPING TOGETHER (FOR A SAFE HUMANITY), I THINK WE NEED TO PUT THE RELATION SHIP FIRST AND HAVE MOMENTS TO DISCUTING, INCREASE MUTUAL UNDERSTANDING. ROOM 2 (Maïlove, Mathilde, Alexia) - Using a compost to avoid overproduction of waste - Walking/cycling instead of using the car to avoid the carbon footprint. - Maïlove tries to limit her use of water (in the shower, to wash the dishes etc.) - Zero waste lifestyle buying products without packaging or trying to do so. - Buying even more local food, not going to the supermarket - Being even more careful to turn off the lights - Using second hand objects (furniture, clothes etc.) - Lending/ sharing your things with your neighbours, friends... - Not wasting food But we are not perfect ! - Alexia buys many candys (because I love them!!!!) with packagings - Sometimes Alexia smokes... But she chooses to buy the only french tabacco! - Sometimes I order things on the internet even though I try not to do so! - Alexia says : Before, when I started zero waste lifestyle, I was very strict with myself. Now, I am more relaxed because nobody is perfect and I can make mistakes or I want to treat myself, I don't want to be frustrated and to be under pressure. Everyone can do their part, I do my part in my daily life and when I chose to start studying again in the field of the environment to protect the planet. - Travelling is one part of our passions so we use our cars or flights to move... Sometimes not everytime! ROOM 4 (Laurie Amélie Lise) - try to have your own garden : do it with friend for more fun ! you can also check if there is a communal garden where you live. With fruits you can do your own syrup and sorbet - try to have a compost - Have a insulate home or flat - Heating with wood - Do your own household product and decoration stuff (Do it yourself!) - Clothes : buying in second hand shop and thrift shop (you can also try to visit charity shops like Emmaus) but do your best, don't blame you if you buy something in a regular store <3 - think about where you live : maybe try to find a place to live close from your job or from public transportation. In that way you won't have to use your car too much. You can also buy a bicycle or a scooter (trotinette). - Cooking permites youto limit intermediary between productions of vegetables and you. (in place of ready meal) ROOM 8 - Don't use the fridge (except for dead bats and dry plants) / take advantage of cold natural temperatures - Pee in the garden (and not in drinkable waters) - Collect the rain water and do everything with it (instead of drinkable water) - Use the compost - Create a bug refuge and don't mow the garden,, use the sctyhe - Reuse and recycle instead of bying new - Buy ethical if you need new stuff or support the local craftmakers - Eat local and season vegetables, and less meat - Grow your own garden - Use the bike & rollers in town, use it as much as you can - Use public transport instead of car (and your feet!) - Use the local monney to support small shops - Exchange instead of bying - Plant stuff to feed the insects ! - Remove plastic use - Clean your digital datas (unreaded mails) - Be carefull with the energy consumption - NO ADS in the mailbox (stop pub) - Avoid flights with planes as much as you can - Limit the use of non natural hygiene products - Be gentle with yourself and the others Room 6 -Insulation house -compost -concencious food shopping -2d hand -organic ingredient for clean, laundry -garden -chicken -use bike or skateboard when is posible or commmun transport or carpooling -cook -vegan -autonomie choice life TWO QUOTES FROM OBERON (from the zero-waste family): 1. "It's easy to forget how much power we have as individuals to ENACT change." [enact = decreter, promulguer; vivre, jouer (contexte theatral)] 2. "We can actually make a lot of change now and BY OSMOSIS a lot of that change will filter broadly across the population and then filter upwards into the chains of power." Video on Zero Waste Daniel This designer uses leftover fabric scraps to create clothes. Daniel is based in New York. Chloe D. says in an ideal world, Daniel would have no work because there would be no leftover pieces of fabric. Olivia says Daniel looks very friendly. Coralie says this is interesting because fashion can have a lot of influence on people. Usually, designers/ artists sell their art to very rich people because they are the only ones who can spend a lot of money. Chloe D. says that hopefully, with these upcycling projects, the art pieces can be more accessible to other people. It was very interesting to see how industrial productions works (with the cookie-cutting metaphor explained by Daniel.) Daniel thinks it's important to pay his colleagues the living wage. This means paying a descent salary which is different from the minimum wage (=salaire minimum -> SMIC). Purchasing power = pouvoir d'achat When you dislike the way people are categorized, you can say that they have been 'pigeon-holed' (catalogué) https://www.france.tv/france-5/sur-le-front/2956729-ou-finissent-nos-vetements.html a great documentary to show us where finished ours clothes…………. Afternoon activity, in groups: design a questionnaire, using sensitive phrases and vocabulary, that asks about a family's environmental impact, including compromises they might need to make. Examples of sensitive phrases: Do you ever + infinitive Is it all right to + infinitive How do you feel about + gerund [-ing] Room 1 (magali, chloé, margaux, alexia, mailove) - how do you feel about the idea to have a compost to have a good fertilizer plants in your garden and reduce by 30% your waste? - would you consider eating less meat? it's better for reduce the risks of diseases (cancer, cholesterol, heart attack) + Meat industry is a big part of world pollution and deforestation + almost 80% of meat production is industrial so the animals are in small place, lots of antibiotics and they don't see the sun) - Have you ever heard about Rainwater collection ? - Did you know that Repair shop exist in many australian cities? Those are places where you can bring your broken objects to learn how to repair it ! -Would you feel comfortable replacing some baths with showers ? How often do you take showers per week? - if you want, we can go together to the market next sunday to meet our local farmers and their good fresh vegetables Room 4 Victor Lise Coralie Marie : Have you ever see or use a compost in your life ? Where do you like to go to buy your food ? Would you like to tell us about the evolution of your diet ? Can you tell us if there was special event that have change your diet ? For you, how much do you eat some meat per week ? What do you think when i say "zero waste" ? After your dinner, do you make a lot of food waste ? / do you throw a lot of food after your meal ? What do you mind about the global warming ? What is the cause for you ? When you do shopping, do you invite yourself in thinking of what you are buying before buy it ? What are the 3 things you buy you can't live without ? What are the 3 things that revolt you about the environnement ? Do you know 3 season vegetables ? Put this type of transport by order of preference : - bicycling - car -bus -walking - rollersblades -scooter Do you considere you as a fan fashion ? Do you buy more often new clothes or second hand clothing ? Do you consider yourself a fashion fan? How do you feel about extreme weather events ? Room 2 (Sylwia, amélie, Maylis, Thaïs) : How do you feell about your food consumption ? Do you mind if I ask about your daily ecological gesture ? Is it all right to speak about zero waste ? What do you think about plastic packaging ? Do you always drive a car to go to school or to work ? When did you take the plane for the last time ? In your opinion what is the solution for healthy eating ? How do you feel about fashion and second hand clothing ? Do you have a vegetable garden and/or use a compost ? Do you make your own beauty and cleaning products ? Room 3 (laurie, chloé, mélanie, olivia, mathilde) According to you, what would be the best ecological transport for your life style ? Do you think you're able to go to work with a skateboard or a scooter? How would you feel about buying second hand clothes or second hand furniture ? Do you think there are advantages to buying local fruits and vegetables ? How do you feel about reducing your meat consumption? Do you think you would be able to create a compost for your garden ? How do you feel about your ideal food comsumption in comparison with daily reality? Are you satisfied when you sort your waste? Do you think you would agree to buy big tools (machine ?) in common with your family, neighbour or close cercle?(lawn mower...) --------------------------------- FRIDAY FOREIGN WORDS IN ENGLISH Origins of English quiz Introduction: we find out and discuss why English pronunciation and spelling can seem quite arbitrary. We identify English/French loanwords (working in pairs) before discovering the foreign origins of some common words in English. THE IMPERIAL UNITS STILL IN CURRENT USE IN THE UK (AND US) LENGTH 12 inches (in) = 1 foot (ft), 3 ft = 1 yard, 1760 yds = 1 mile (m or mi) 1 in = 2.5 cm, 1ft = 30.5 cm, 1 mi = 1.6 km WEIGHT 16 ounces (oz) = 1 pound (lb); 14 lbs = 1 stone, 160 st = 1 imperial ton 1 oz = 28.3g, 1 lb = 454g; 1 st = 6.3kg LIQUIDS 20 fluid ounces (fl oz) = 1 pint (pt) 1 pint = 568 ml And the continued use of imperial measures has become a patriotic statement ever since the introduction of the metric system (1972/73, when the UK joined the European Community). See, for instance, this article on a very senior politician (minister, House Leader) who INSISTS that his staff use imperial units: Jacob Rees-Mogg orders civil servants to use imperial measures and double spacing in style guide (civilserviceworld.com) Today’s topic (= subject) : foreign words in English (= les mots d’origine étrangère en anglais ) QUIZ (good answer in grass) 1 Where did the english language originate ? a. Germany and the Netherlands b. Wales c. England 2. Approximately how many word are there in the English language ? a. 170 000 b. More than a million c. between 20 000 and 30 000 3.What percentage of English words actually have their origin in a different language ? a. 20% b. 45% c. 80% 4. How many languages is it estimated english as "borrowed" words from ? a. 55 b. 380 c. 126 There are more than a million words in the english language. Today, there are about 170 000 words still commonly used. On average native speakers know 20 000 to 30 000 words in english. Room 2 : Sylwia and Alexia Prise jack, jean, mail, basket, t-shirt, ketchup, waterproof, babysitter, badge, bar, smartphone Expressions "bon voyage" et "bon appétit", voilà, madame, Room 3 (Victor and Margaux and Olivia) French borrowed to english : versatile, marketing, parking, pickpocket , hot-dog, hamburger, challenge, suspense, cool , salle de shoot, shooter, shooting, pinte,slow, fan, supporter, spot , sneakers, bagel English borrowed to french : rendez-vous (with military) / c'est la vie / et voilà / chic / bon appétit / baguette / Room5 Parking, Checker, design, follow, manager, break, weekend, corporate, feed-back, make up, brainstorming, sneakers, baskets, pull over, short, goal, clif hunger Cordon bleu, petit fou, voilà Room 6 Mathilde and Laurie French borrowed to english : cool, challenge, start-up, business plan, burger, mug, mail, gaming, super, une star, un show, drag queen, mind-mapping / mind map, les warning, un barbecue (?), sofa, spoiler, binger / binge watcher, podacst, shopping, busy, un poster, pop corn English borrowed to french : cliché, baguette, passé, crochet, diy, risqué Room 7 : (Coralie, Maïlove) French borrowed to english : cool, brainstorming, manager, planning, roof top, business, basket, roller, tee-shirt, pull, week end, sweat shirt, plan, football, bowling, make-up, brushing, design, camping, camping-car, parking, fashion, snob English borrowed o french : Cul de sac, rendez-vous, communication, information, queue , question, issue Room 1 : Chloé, Mag, Marie, Amélie In France we use : weekend, marketing, shopping, cosmetique, fashion, café, parking, thé, jumping, surf, ski, In english we use : environnement, biodiversity, foie-gras, rendez-vous, coup d etat, beef / ox, mutton / sheep, veal / calf, pork / pig Professionnal words - CEEDDR : Coordinating project in environnemental education and sustainibility education on network - coordinateur : coordinater or environnemental project coordinater - touche à tout : jack of all trades - sensibiliser : raise awareness - accompagner : to guide, to help, to support - a wide range of skills : un large éventail de compétences - projet péda = educational project, environnemental education , sustainability education ("pedagogical" ne se dit pas vraiment) - to coordinate projects : "i am an environmental project coordinator" "I manage environmental educational projects" - to devise environnemental strategies - to gather (rassembler) actors - state agencies = agences d'état - local, regional, national authorities; municipalite = (city, district, county) council - departement = county (UK), state (US) - environmental professionals - novices (neophytes) - network = réseau - team leader = personne qui gère une réunion - to host a meeting (être l'hôte d'une réu) - to further, to drive something forward, to push sth forward = pousser quelque chose, construire qqch (comme un projet par exemple) waste management; glass, plastic, compost, biodegradable waste (food waste); sorting recycling - Collaborative tool : outils collaboratifs - facilitator : facilitate meeting - overall / general perspective = vision global ("vision" in english -> philosophy) - faire du lien = bring people together / connect people - "convenor" (orthograph?) : animateur de réunion > team leader/facilitator - ? le fond et la forme : form and content - ? Animateur / animation / colo / centre de loisir : holiday(UK) camp; camp activity leader ; social center - ? centre socioculturel / quartier / habitant-es : neighbourhood/disctrict; inhabitants or locals - ? éducation populaire / pouvoir d'agir / émancipation : capacity to act/empowerment - ? espace de partage de savoirs : space for sharing knowledge, knowledge sharing, - Animateur de colo : Campleader / activity leader - ? esprit critique ? critical thinking - ? une association / structure associative ? : association - ? bénévole = volunteer - ? mettre de l'huile dans les rouages : to get something running smoothly, to grease the wheels of..., facilitate - métier : profession collaborative knowledge gathering activities, knowledge sharing, and co-operation among decision makers 5 phrases clés, concepts, infos, message que l'on veut faire passer si qqn nous demande : - design, coordonate, steer activities for differences audiences to environnemental education - we support lots of differents actors / environnemental strategies, we help differents actors to collaborat, cooperate - educational project, environmental education , sustainibility education ("pedagogical" ne se dit pas vraiment) - to coordinate projects : "i am an environmental project coordinator" vulgarisation et médiation scientifique : to popularise science; activities to discover environmental science/the science behind environmentalism teaching tools = outils pedagogiques accompagner les acteurs du territoire = support local actors public (state)/private (business, corporate) actors ready-to-use teaching tools for.... zones humides = wetlands; milieu forestier = forest environment/woodlands tourbiere = peatbog; tourbe = peat milieu = environment X montagnard = mountain X mer = sea; ocean = ocean collectivite territoriale = regional government or authority syndicat: association, federation council waterway management subventions = subsidies retro-planning = reverse scheduling, draw up a reverse schedule sceptical (UK), skeptical (US) prestataire = service provider/je suis prestataire - I'm in the service industry/I'm in services/I provide xyz services intermediate structure voluntary/unpaid work financement = funding, financing bourses = grant cours d'eau = waterway classes populaires = low-income groups, the working classes Project coordinator Team management Environmental education for sustainable development Skills: Coordinating networks, initiating projects and bringing together the relevant actors and (financial) partners/sponsors/funding bodies, organising events Consultant and mediator, facilitator Knows how to make use of negotiation and cooperation strategies participatory approaches Knowledge and management of biodiversity collaborative tools general/global/overall perspective/approach en alternance: I am on a sandwich course (UK) / on a work-study basis traineeship = apprentissage digital teaching technology? (numérique éducatif) managing the flow of information social and solidarity economy identifying local issues = reperer les enjeux locaux licence pro = vocational (Bachelor's) degree topics: Policies and territories Natural resources Regional Nature Reserve a call for tender = un appel d'offre / marché publique founding application = recherche / demande de fonds -------------------------- Des films à visionner : Rasta Rockett (bobsleigh) Série "The crown" des dessins animés sur ARTE en VO ou VOSTFR Films et ressources disponibles sur les différentes thématiques (c'est une simple recherche, je ne sais pas ce qu'ils valent) imagotv.fr (vidéos, films, podcast... mais je ne sais pas s'il y a des ressources en anglais mais c'est un super site hihi) Oui c'est trop bien ce site ! Climate change https://vimeo.com/146177360 Soil Solutions to Climate Problems https://vimeo.com/94466674 Climate change https://vimeo.com/114197188 Climate Change In North Australia (Eng) https://www.amnh.org/explore/science-topics/climate-change The American Museum of Natural History propose sur son site une exposition virtuelle sur le thème du changement climatique avec de nombreuses ressources. Film Home en version anglaise : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jqxENMKaeCU Pour la prise de notes / cours d’anglais De la part de Tom, 16 janvier: Mes deux derniers commentaires ici: 1. SVP SAUFGARDEZ CES NOTES AILLEURS SI VOUS PENSEZ QU'ELLES PUISSENT VOUS ETRE UTILES ! 2. UN ENORME MERCI A MATHILDE ET AUSSI A MARGAUX POUR LA TRANSCRIPTION de tant d'elements de nos cours ici (que ce soit des infos orales, le chat...) : boulot monstre et super-utile !!! Lundi 10 janvier Lien zoom : https://supagro-fr.zoom.us/j/97164367316 Adresse du WIKI : https://wikis.cdrflorac.fr/wikis/Anglais21/?PagePrincipale good websites for translation: deepl.com or wordreference.com https://www.deepl.com/translator - https://www.wordreference.com/ ET LA LUMIERE FUT ! : and there was light !!! https://supagro-fr.zoom.us/j/93956057571 MONDAY Programme : Lundi - tour de présentation : 2 affirmations pour chacun ; l'une vrai l'autre fausse NO! WE ADAPT! - Texte vocabulaire (rubrique ressources sur le Wiki) / travail individuel - mettre chaque terme en liaison avec l'explication qui correspond - répondre sur ce pad en mettant p.ex 1C - ecoute extrait radio - vidéo de la BBC (2 extraits) - compréhension orale et réponse aux questions Pour prendre des notes c'est ICI ------------------------------- vocabulary exercise : Tom: 1D 2G 3 A 4J 5B 6K 7P 8L 9F 10 0 11 I 12N 13C 14E 15M 16H 1 with D Mgx : 1-D/ 2-G/ 3-A/ 4-J/ 5-B/ 6-K/ 7-P/ 8- L/ 9-F/ 10-O/ 11-I/ 12-N / 13-C / 14-E / 15-M / 16-H Coralie : 5: B/ 15 : M/ 6:E /13 : C/2 : G /12 : N /16 : H /3 : O /9 : F /14 : J /10 : I / 8 : L / 15:p Lise : 1D / 2G/ 3A / 4J / 5B / 6K / 7P / 8L / 9F / 10O / 11I / 12N / 13C / 14E / 15:M / 16H Maïlove : 9F / 12N / 10 O/ 5B/ 2 G / 7 P/ 6 K / 14 E / 13 C/ 11 I/ 16 H/ 2 G / 3 A / 4 J/ 8 L / 15 M Laurie : 1-D / 2-G / 3- A /4-J / 5-B/ 6-K / 7-P / 8-L / 9-F /10-O / 11-I /12-N/13-C/14-E/15-M/ 16-H Mélanie : 1-D/ 2-G/3-A/4/5/6/7-P/8/9-F/10/11/12-N/13-C/14/15-M/16-H Thaïs : 1-D / 2-G / 3-A / 4-J / 5-B / 6-K / 7-p / 8-L / 9-F / 10-O / 11-I / 12-N / 13-C /14-E / 15-M/ 16-H Léni et Manon : A-3 / B-5 / C-13 / D-1 / E-14 / F-9 / G-2 / Sylwia: 1=D/2=G/3=A/4=J/5=B/6=K/7=P/8=L/9=F/10=O/11=I/12=N/13=C/14=E/15=M/16=H. Mathilde : 1:D/ 2:G/ 3:A / 4:J / 5:B / 6: K / 7:P / 8:L / 9:F / 10:O / 11:I / 12: N / 13: C / 14:E / 15:M/ 16: H / Victor : 1 -D, I 2- G ,3 -O,4-j,5-b,6-k,7-p, 8- ... , 9- f and a , 10 - O , 11 - I, 12 - N, 13 - C, 14 - L, 15 - M, 16 -H, Olivia : 1D, 2G, 3.., Radio extract : "the soil 'postcode lottery'" what does it mean??? Tirage au sort selon le code postal ? "things are different dependly where you live" why the soil ? probably it's the thematic of the video / oooow.. ok the soil is "la terre" so... la loterie de la terre selon là où tu vis ? Vocabulary from the audio on carbon capture in the soil : - soil : le sol - clay : argile - sand : sable - greenhouse gases : gaz à effet de serre - drought : When there is not enough water and the soil is very dry. - flood : An example : when there is too much water in a river and the water goes in the cities or in fields. - organic matter : matière organique - improvement : amélioration - regenerative farming : - subsidies : subventions - outcome : the result - huge : enormous - purpose : objective, goal - undeniable : like in french - grazing : when cows, sheep (etc) eat grass outside, in fields, in the mountains etc. - carbon capture / carbon sequestration : taking the carbon from the atmosphere and storing it-> for exemple in trees, plants and the soil. and carbon is good for plants because it improves them soil improvement to increase carbon capture for decrease global warming - which soil is good for carbon capture? (à écouter dans l'extrait) with organic matter (matière organique) : create pore structure, microcommunity and more efficient, more oxygen, with clay national strategie for carbon capture = government paid agricultor for this action critics : government paid (subsidies) agricultors which clay AND which sand soil so.... i'ts logical or not ? what' sayd scientist ? : RADIO EXTRACT precise benefits of carbon capture 1. better water penetration and stockage and repartition 2. improved pore structure of the soil ------------------------------------------------ TUESDAY what is UK ? great britain and Northern Ireland What is great britain ? Exercise : What's the weather like ? It's cloudy. It's ver sunny and very dry. There is a big storm with a lot of wind. ->Ways to say it's very hot --> It's boiling. it's sweltering (very very hot) heat wave = canicule ->Ways to say it's very cold : freezing foggy = brumeux / brouillard (fog) sleet = neige et pluie en meme temps = neige fondue whiteout = voile blanc -> Ways to say it's raining : It's pouring. it's really pissing it down = like in french il pleut comme vache qui pisse but is not polite hail = grêle overflood = déborder (en lien avec les crues) Group Exercise on seasons (with picture) Salle 3 : spring or autumn / same - transition / summer and winter and the begining autumn (lot of raining) episod cevenol (flood) autumn / heatwaves summer it's not normal very hot in winter and mix of different temperature. the constrat between the season is less clear. reasons : climate change is normal changement of the earth but humans activities accelerate it. human activities have impact on the soil and is vicious circle because lot of flood or drought for exemple. blizzards / flooding / forest fires / heatwaves / drought / smog / not significant in metropolitan france but it's possible (tidal surges in saintes marie de la mer in 1785) and hurrricanes/cyclones/typhoons more in DOMTOM Smog= brouillard caused by pollution (sm[oke] + [f]og) Traffic jam = bouchons Video on extreme weather / climate change Target audience = public cible Some people said the video feels manipulative. They are playing with our emotions. -> Coralie said this movie is anxiety inducing (= anxiogène). -> Alexia said the video focuses too much on negative things. She said it's time to act not to cry. Many problems are shown (= montrés) and not solutions. -> Olivia : i said that we saw some documents around anomal condition or veganism and it was said in som documents that convince people with "emotions" is less efficient that convince them by explaining the problem with all the point of views - counterproductive renewable energy = énergies renouvelables threat = menace ; crop= une récolte ; frost= le gel ; stubborn optimism= optimisme têtu -> être déterminé à être optimiste ; roll up your sleeves = se retrousser les manches c’est un peu comme mettre les mains dans le cambouis, passer à l’action. offshore wind farm = éoliennes sur la mer renewable energy= energie renouvelable the root problem: (root= racine) -> the fundamental problem -> Margaux says the problem comes from money. Overconsumption / the consumer society is also a big issue (= problem). vicious circle = cercle vicieux is it on purpose ? : est-ce que c'est volontaire / le but ? denial = déni monsoon= la mousson (saison des pluies) harvest= récolte / moisson coping = managing unusually= inhabituellement, anormalement banks = the sides along the river (les berges) burst = explode, break struggling = avoir des difficultés advise = conseil / to advise = conseiller Questions for the radio reports These are radio reports from the future in which we imagine the effects of climate change in different parts of the world. 1 What is the weather event? 2 Where in the world is it? 3 When does it happen? Report 1 -> in India, fires, droughts and heat waves There is no monsoon. People have to leave their houses because of the fires and the droughts which kill their crops. In consequence, these people have to go live in camps. crops = culture on average = en moyenne Report 2 -> in Siberia / Russia, fires in normally cold regions peat bog = tourbière peat= tourbe stores = stock There is peat in the soil of the tundra. The peat stores carbon so when it burns, the carbon goes back into the air. This creates greenhouse emissions. Report 3 -> Saudi Arabia, there has been snow in the winters since 2021 The children made a snow camel because they thought a snowman was too boring. least probable ? le moins probable ? the worst ? le pire ? Emergency Planning Committee exercise Afternoon project, working in groups: imagine that you are the Emergency Planning Committee of your town, and an extreme weather event is on its way. Research what measures are necessary to stay safe, and write a series of tweets telling the public what they need to do. Room 1 (chloé, margaux, lise, victor, coralie) : extreme weather event : sharknado (lot of wind and everytime and effects like teeth of shark and sharks falling + weather is different before and after + it's during 2 days + they fall from the sky and are attracted by the water ) - EXTREME WEATHER Orange Alert : The biannual Sharknado level 5 is very soon impacting the city of Florac 3 river Keep Calm and stay courageous - if you have stuff or animals outside > put it inside, BUT, if its too big or heavy or huge (sheet metal, toboggan, garden furniture...) contact pickup of city hall (0898908901), they will come to pick it. - make sure you have food and water for 3 days (if not, contact de 0666) - if you know someone isolated without telephone or radio, please contact city of hall (0898908901) if you can't contact in real life this personne - Listen to Radio Bartas 107,00FM - if you are shepherd, keep your sheep, horse, cow inside (infrastructures for this extreme event) REMEMBER TO SPELL CHECK using the Internet ;-) - EXTREME WEATHER Red Alert : The biannual Sharknado level 5 is now impacting the city of Florac 3 river - STAY at home, close the windows and don't open any tap of your home (Sharks can be attracted to water) - It's not recommanded to EAT meat because sharks can smell blood. - in case of a shark attack : Take your harpoon with you and be ready to smash the eyes of the shark - When you are hurt, wrap your wound with aluminum paper, and so the sharks don't smell you. - a shark fall in your garden ? it's normal, it's happened, don't touch it and let it return to the Tarnon. Room 2 (Mathilde, Laurie, Sylwia, Mélanie) "EMERGENCY WARNING ! There is a snow storm and a blizzard coming to Florac this evening" "Please keep calm : to stay safe follow the guidelines we will be tweeting. " " You must stay inside a hard-wall building until the end of the blizzard alert. Don't use the car under any circumstances. " "You must close the doors, shutters and windows until the end of the blizzard alert" "if you have to go outside : try not to be alone and wear warm clothes to protect yourself" "Protect your personal papers : ID Card, driving licence..." "Please drive only in the case of an emergency and drive very slowly and carefully." "Don't be mean, keep your animals inside." "You might consider drinking a lot of vodka to keep warm." "Warn your neighbours and your parents but be careful not to clutter the telephone network." "To stay informed about the situation, listen to a wireless radio." "There might be a power outage : gather your candles and your flashlights." " The blizzard will only last tonight so no need to run to the supermarket !" "Enjoy your life !!!!" Room 3: Maylis, Marie, Alexia, Maïlove !!EMERGENCY WARNING!! The river overflows and this advertisement is a message to the population for flood cautions to stay safe : - Turn off electricity to avoid danger with water - Close doors and windows to avoid infiltration - People have to go on the roof of their house because the water level rises - Do not stay in a closed place (car, room...) because the water rising and you can be drowned - Keep pets with you to protect them - Take the strictly necessary stuff - Use any means of navigating if you have it (like an inflatable boat, small boat, something to float...) --------------------------- WEDNESDAY THE PROGRAMME FOR WEDNESDAY: SPORT IN A CLIMATE CRISIS A.M. kick off / get started/ let's start Introduction: exploring the connection between sporting events – such as (tel que) the upcoming Winter Olympics and the Football World Cup – and the climate. Warm up exercise : working in pairs, play a quick round of 'vocabulary tennis'. Discuss what sports you play and/or are a fan of. What is the environmental impact of that sport? Present your ideas to the class. _________ Read article on: 'When it comes to (en matière de) climate action, the ball is in sport’s court' (la balle est dans le camp du sport). Discuss and then answer multiple choice test. Watch a short film on the Copenhill Green Ski Slope in Copenhagen. LUNCH P.M. Read and discuss article about the 'Forest Green Rovers' (the first vegan football club!). Prepare ideas and format for afternoon project ________________________ Afternoon project, working in groups: choose a sporting event – perhaps even (peut-être même) a local one! Mille Rivieres? The 160km de Florac? – and write a letter to the organiser suggesting ways in which (suggérer des moyens de/proposer) they could reduce its environmental impact. "Vocabulary tennis" exercise Racket sports Outdoor sports Winter sports : hiking with snowshoes, ski, ski jumping, snowboarding, ice skating (solo, in couple, choreographed ice skating), sledge, bobsleigh, ice-hockey, ski touring, cross-country skiing, snowkite, curling, skeleton (check on google or on youtube it's... SCARY) Fighting sports Water sports : kitesurf, stand up paddle, waterpolo, catamaran, swimming, scuba diving, water skiing, surf, canyoning, water walking (longe-côte), rowing, kayak, Horse sports Extreme sports : slackline (mountain)/highline, climbing, Via Ferata, Mountaineering, rafting, Bungee jumping, canyoning, Abseiling, potholing, paralangage, parachute deltaplan, Team sports : rugby, football, indoor football (footsalle), hockey, waterpolo, relay, badminton, handball, baseball, softball, american football, synchronised swimming, beach handball, cricket, canadian football, bobsleigh, ice skating (in couples), rowing, sailing Wind sports Choreographed sports Motors sports: car racing, motorbike racing Entraîne (consequence) : result in / involve / lead to to spend (not monnay) : to spend What are the environmental impacts of sports ? - Soccer: a lot of travelling, the maintenance of the lawn (chemicals and water), -> Some sports use a lot of water. -> Other sports also disturb and destroy nature. -> Problem of over crowding which also disturbs, damages (abime) nature. Worst= le pire Trainers = sport shoes Margaux asks : why do we practice sports ? Olivia says it's for good for our health, it's good for the body. Alexia : Sports are good to deal with stress. It's good for mental health. She also says sports are good for backaches. She says that backaches are the problem of the century. Chloe D. : Sports help us to reestablish the connection between mind and body. Chloe G. : In our society, the body is just a tool. "Usain Bolt burned about 10kcal of energy to win his gold during the 200 metre sprint final at the 2016 Rio Olympics, roughly equivalent to powering an old 60W light bulb for 11 minutes, or just one gummy bear (apparently you can measure energy in gummy bears). If you could harness all the power generated by all the athletes during the Games, you would still be nowhere close to reaching the 29.5 billion Watts it is estimated was consumed overall by the athletes, spectators and organisers over the event. We take sport for granted, but do we ever consider its cost to the planet?" Paragraph 1 a Runners like Usain Bolt are efficient because they use very little energy. b Sports events use a lot of energy. +++++++++++ c The Olympic Games should not continue because they are not sustainable. "From the water required to maintain the golf course during The Masters tournament in Augusta to the hundreds of flights it takes to bring football fans to a World Cup, to the tonnes of freight shipped from venue to venue during Formula 1’s season, major sports events are not helping much in the fight against global heating. What’s more, there is a lack of recognition within sport of its responsibilities and little discussion about possible solutions. " Paragraph 2 a The sporting world isn’t paying much attention to its environmental responsibilities. +++++++ b There are different reasons each sport affects the environment. re++++++ c Solutions to the environmental damage caused by sport are difficult to identify. "This is strange given that the effect works both ways; the climate crisis is not just affected by sports, it is already having a negative impact on many sports. When ice-climber Will Gadd set out to conquer the world’s glaciers he didn’t realise it would become a race against climate change. ‘I’d seen pictures of the ice on [Mount] Kilimanjaro … and I thought glaciers are there forever – they don’t go away. I started reading research papers on Africa, and one of them said the ice on Kilimanjaro could be gone in as little as five years.’ When he arrived at the summit, Gadd was shocked: ‘The ice … wasn’t there, it was gone. The things I planned to climb were gone.’ " Paragraph 3 a Global heating threatens sports that rely on ice and snow. b Sport is a good way to communicate the climate crisis because you can see its effects. c Not only does sport affect the climate, the climate affects sport. ++++++++++++ "Global heating is noticeable in other sports. Amy Steel played professional netball until 2016, when she suffered from heatstroke after playing in 39°C conditions. Unfortunately, the damage was permanent, and Steel only has to run for a few minutes for her body to overheat and shut down. More and more, tennis players face even higher temperatures in tournaments – 42.2°C at points during the 2014 Australian Open. Not only that, but extreme weather events made more frequent as a result of global heating mean sporting events are more often delayed or cancelled. The Covid-19 pandemic itself likely stems from human mismanagement of wildlife, and that has cost sport billions in revenue. " Paragraph 4 a The financial cost of the climate crisis to the sports world will be significant. b Heat is making some sports events dangerous for athletes.++++++++++ c The climate crisis is affecting sport in different ways. "Yet sport can be a powerful motivator and has the potential to communicate the climate crisis to its fans: it can bring even the most macho of men to tears and unite whole nations behind its teams. Could sport have a role to play in driving climate awareness and empowering people to take action? Will Gadd and Amy Steel are among a growing number of athletes who think so. Gadd hopes that the striking images of his climbs will raise awareness of the effects of global heating, while Amy now works on emissionsreporting for large financial corporations, aiming to reduce their emissions. One thing is certain. Sport, like humanity itself, is in a race against time. It must put climate change at the top of its agenda and decarbonise at a Usain Bolt-like pace if we’re going to get a handle on climate
Paragraph 5
a There are many sportspeople who are fighting the climate crisis. (+)
b There is a way for sport to be part of the solution, not part of the problem. ++++++++++
c Sport cannot reduce its carbon emissions quickly enough.

in brackets : entre parenthèses
raise awareness : sensibiliser / augmenter la sensibilité

Video on the Copenhill Green Ski Slope in Copenhagen
Olivia asks : where does the waste go ?
Margaux thinks this does not answer the real problem, it is just a bandage. but in the world's context, maybe it's the only way (not so radical) to change mentality...
For Chloé D. , this is questionable because it encourages green growth. -> Taking something problematic and using it to entertain people. She thinks this project is greenwashing.
Alexia : it's problematic to encourage to recycle and not to reduce the waste.

The environmental benefits of this project : the power plant; it helps change the way people see rubbish; maybe it encourages people not to travel as much to go the mountains;

-> The journalist talks about Bjarke Ingels concept of "hedonistic sustainability"
Paradigm shift = changement de paradigme
raise awareness = sensibiliser

-> The video was like an advertisement and the journalist was not critical at all. Chloe says this is manipulative because it gives the impression that the video is objective.

Article on the first "vegan football club"
The solutions proposed in the article : providing vegan food to the players and the fans, electric charging points for electric cars, use of solar panels to produce energy for the stadium, organic grass for the lawn, collection of rainwater to water the lawn, club strip made from composite materials,
However (=cependant), this article seems to be about "green growth" -> making money through sustainable projects.
Tom asks if we are skeptical (=sceptique).
engendrer = generate
Magali says that ecologists and vegans are expected to be more methodical, logical and flawless.

->Why are people so easily critical of what ecologists or vegans do ? (We are using this example because it is a good example of ethical choices that are visible to other people.)

  • Because they feel guilty for their lack (=manque) of action

  • Because they want to reassure themselves about their lifestyle

  • There is a mirror effect and the people are faced (=doivent faire face) with their contradictions -> so they are reassured if they see flaws in the behaviour of vegans (for example).


Olivia and Laurie say that the article doesn't provide any statistics or numbers to prove what they are saying.

If you want to read another person's opinion LATER:
Can dance be considered a sport? | LearnEnglish Teens - British Council
ok, thank you !

Afternoon project
working in groups: choose a sporting event – perhaps even (peut-être même) a local one! Mille Rivieres? The 160km de Florac? – and write a letter to the organiser suggesting ways in which (suggérer des moyens de/proposer) they could reduce its environmental impact.

Room 1 : Maïlove, Coralie, Marie : The Chestnut Trail
As every years, the popular Chestnut Trail takes place in the Cevennes next to Florac.
Organisers, to minimise your ecological impact during the organisation of your event, we recommend the following actions :
  • Promote waste separation bins at strategic points (finish and start of the race) to prevent illegal dumping. Don't damage your beautiful landscape !
  • Offer at refreshment cereal/energy bars without packaging made locally, to avoid the plastic pollution.
  • Offer eco-cup or gourds instead of plastic bottles to reduce rubbish.
  • Use t-shirts made from recycled materials and no longer write a date on them so that those that are not used one year can be used the following year.
  • Install a mobile composting toilet for more environmentally friendly commissions without chemicals and excess water consumption.
  • Promote a food stand with local or homemade products, visitors will be happy to shave !
  • Forget the goodies! Your runners can be rewarded with a local product, like chestnuts from Lozère for example!
  • We thank you for your involvement in supporting the ecological cause.




Room 2 (Olivia ChloéG Lise)
Dear organization commitment,
We are the Green Sport Commitee of Supagro. We want to share some ideas for a more sustainable event. Here are some ideas and if you want to came it true, we will enjoy to help you!
We know that it's a Ultimate Occitanie competition. There are 42 players organized in 6 pools.

  • We think it's an important point to have local and vegetarian food, As you know, the meat industry is the 2nd most polluting. Make food local and vegetarian can make a difference on the carbon footprint!

Sportive people need energy, what a better gift as a local and seasonial juice to have more vitamine ? You can use à bicylceblender : people choose the fruits, they put it in the blender, and then they need to pedal to mix the fruit and have their wonderfull juice !
  • We sell local beer and local drink for create a convivial sphere and support littles producers.
or the drinking stuff, don't forgot to propose ecocup instead of disposible cutlery. In exchange of deposit, public can keep the cup or not.
You can have the Zerowaste label, for this you have to pay attention at some points : If you want to sell snacks, make sure that it doesn't bring plastic packaging.
For the electricity, we can give you the contact of Enercoop. It's a great and ethical alternative to the basics providers of electricity.
We create a web page consecreated to carpooling for make transport easier and reduce the carbon footprint .
As you know, there is a lack of water in south of France, bring water in sports ground is complicated. That's why we encourage you to use and instal composting toilet in your event.
To keep the grass clean and healthy, we invite you to invite an environmental raise awareness association who propose free pocket ashtray, metalic gourd for free. It's a good ethical way to improve safe behaviour for the environment.
It exist event doing "welcome kit", you can do a Jock welcome kit: With a registration price, we give a welcome kit. It's contain concencious snack, a metalic gourd, a teeshirt made in lozère (screen painting...) and other tools for reduce waste and support jocks to realize there environment impact and possible alternatives.

We desire you a wonderful competition,
Don't hesitate in contacting us,

Room 3 Victor, Laurie, Mélanie :
"Hello Jean-Eude,

I hope you are doing well !

Following our last meeting, we send you a letter with our differents propositions for the Bike race for Ardèche next to September. Together, llet's make your event more sustainable !

First, about the Food organisation, this is our advises :
  • About the food for the cathering and the food you will sell to the public, you could buy all the products in local farms. There are soo many advantages ! In that way, you will feed the local economy, and reduce the carbon impact of transportation. Futhermore, it will be easier for your staff because working with local farmers give your more adaptility and smooth interactions.
  • You could use dishes in glass and even buy all the dishes from a local second hand store (you will find a list of adresses in the end of the mail). There are also several benefits : you will reduced the quantity of waist produced on the race. You will also save money and will feed the local economy. "

  • other ideas :

  • the race :

- cathering (for the staff + for the cyclistes) -> ethical food ex : local food, organic or reasonable food : local bieres, local wine/ we could submit a system of ecocup.
- dry toilets / compost toilets
-> to have glass dishes (or reused dishes
-> keep the water from rain to wash the dishes
- the area for the public (how do we manage so many people ?)
- the end of the race
- electric consommation
- and how do we manage with rubbishes
- to limit the number of cars following the cyclists : 1- instead we have one car for each cyclist, we could have 1 car for each team. We could park theses cars on a strategical point so cars could reach cyclists in case they need it.



Room 4 : Mathilde, Chloé D., Alexia

Dear Committee of the "Nasty Car Race",

I am so glad to see the organisation of the "Nasty Car Race" is going well. This project is really close to my heart. Since my early childhood, race is a passion. Many of us think that race isn't compatible with the climate issues. But this year, for the first time, we will show to the world how car race can be a stepping stone for sustainable alternatives !

As a sponsor of this beautiful event, let me advise you about some points :
We would like to recommend the use of upcycled cars in order to limit waste and the use of raw materials. This will also allow you to save some money.
You can use the green oil produced by local farmers instead of using petrol. It's better to limit the pollution of the exhaust pipe and to support the local economy.
The race takes place in Lozere where there are many local farmers who could provide for your food stand and you could propose vegetarian food. This would be a great way to support the local economy and to promote healthy food.
You could also easily install composting toilets which will greatly reduce water waste. This will also be a way to educate the spectators about environmentally friendly practices.
For the waste, you could put a recycling bin to separate trash during the event and you could propose to reduce waste with accept personnal packagings of people on the food stands.

Thank you for considering these proposals. I'm really proud, today, to participate to realise this common dream.

Sincerely,

Mr. Speedy Gonzales from the Sunflower Foundation

ROOM 5 (sylwia, margaux, amélie)
cevennes's rallye cars
ideas : dry/composting toilets, local beer, local and season food, bivouac
drive with pee/urine,
motorisation of trucks and vehicules and emissions from necessary logistic
Be carefoul with all animals on your road !
- propositions >> reasons

Misters or misses, dear organisers of cevennes's rallye cars
in the context of your event, we would like to make a few suggestions to help reduce the environmental impact of human activities and thus enable our children (futures generations) to live in a healthy/safe world.
- New innovation : pee oil (from horses or humans) >> unlimited ressources and good speed and turbo performances
- Bivouac in flexyurt, tepee, big tent, hamac >> provides excellent relaxation (better human performance after), reduce budget spending,
- use little solars panels for electricité, roughly >>
- Composting toilets >> reduce water spending, contribute to people have composting
- Local beer, seasons food >>


THURSDAY

Carbon footprint : the effect that a person/ company etc has on the environment.
flat share : colocation in appartment (house share, student residence...)
Travel boradens the mind : le voyage ouvre l'esprit


ROOM 1 Mélanie & Victor
- Use a compst, reduce the waste
- Chicken house (chicken eat the rest of the meal and give for the family eggs)
- Buy food for local farms (juices, yogurts, fruits and vegetables)
- Returnable glass bottles
- Build ecological swimmpool in the garden (we use plants to clean the water). With this methodology, we don't use chemical products.
- Put the bottle in the system water tank toilet to reduce the consumption of water
- To irrigate flower pot, we don't use drinking water but we use rainwater, with a water collector.
- When we make long travel, we are not alone during all the road but we make carpooling

ROOM 7 (marie Margaux)
Less heating all houses (18 or 19 degrees at the day and 16 or 17 degrees at the night)
Grey water for clothes washing, toilets, and rainwater for washing dishes OR composting toilets
Reusable wipes OR water instead of toilet paper
Stop or reduce packaging, eat less, eat better (season, local, vegatarian, raw at the begining (when you buy)
Use a compost for plants or for chicken
Use alternatives electricity suppliers (Planete oui/enercoop. to be discussed..)
Use soft energies for cooking (solar, thermal). Energy is recovered ! And make a desert fridge. (Fabriquer un frigo qui ne consomme pas d'énergie ! - YouTube )
Furnish the house with second-hand furniture, salvage and renovate + clothes second-hand
Repairing our own broken tools and appliances. Let's be independent from the services of over-consumption !
Networking with neighbours for sharing tools
Setting up a vegetable garden if you have a garden or alternatives to the vegetable garden if you have a flat or small living space (hanging vegetable garden).
Sow old varieties for in your vegetabal garden example.

>>Open our house for practice exchange with others persons.
>> RELATIONSHIP IS VERY IMPORTANT, AND IF WE WANT DEVELOPING TOGETHER (FOR A SAFE HUMANITY), I THINK WE NEED TO PUT THE RELATION SHIP FIRST AND HAVE MOMENTS TO DISCUTING, INCREASE MUTUAL UNDERSTANDING.

ROOM 2 (Maïlove, Mathilde, Alexia)
- Using a compost to avoid overproduction of waste
- Walking/cycling instead of using the car to avoid the carbon footprint.
- Maïlove tries to limit her use of water (in the shower, to wash the dishes etc.)
- Zero waste lifestyle buying products without packaging or trying to do so.
- Buying even more local food, not going to the supermarket
- Being even more careful to turn off the lights
- Using second hand objects (furniture, clothes etc.)
- Lending/ sharing your things with your neighbours, friends...
- Not wasting food

But we are not perfect !
- Alexia buys many candys (because I love them!!!!) with packagings
- Sometimes Alexia smokes... But she chooses to buy the only french tabacco!
- Sometimes I order things on the internet even though I try not to do so!
- Alexia says : Before, when I started zero waste lifestyle, I was very strict with myself. Now, I am more relaxed because nobody is perfect and I can make mistakes or I want to treat myself, I don't want to be frustrated and to be under pressure. Everyone can do their part, I do my part in my daily life and when I chose to start studying again in the field of the environment to protect the planet.
- Travelling is one part of our passions so we use our cars or flights to move... Sometimes not everytime!


ROOM 4 (Laurie Amélie Lise)
- try to have your own garden : do it with friend for more fun ! you can also check if there is a communal garden where you live. With fruits you can do your own syrup and sorbet
- try to have a compost
- Have a insulate home or flat
- Heating with wood
- Do your own household product and decoration stuff (Do it yourself!)
- Clothes : buying in second hand shop and thrift shop (you can also try to visit charity shops like Emmaus) but do your best, don't blame you if you buy something in a regular store <3
- think about where you live : maybe try to find a place to live close from your job or from public transportation. In that way you won't have to use your car too much. You can also buy a bicycle or a scooter (trotinette).
- Cooking permites youto limit intermediary between productions of vegetables and you. (in place of ready meal)

ROOM 8
- Don't use the fridge (except for dead bats and dry plants) / take advantage of cold natural temperatures
- Pee in the garden (and not in drinkable waters)
- Collect the rain water and do everything with it (instead of drinkable water)
- Use the compost
- Create a bug refuge and don't mow the garden,, use the sctyhe
- Reuse and recycle instead of bying new
- Buy ethical if you need new stuff or support the local craftmakers
- Eat local and season vegetables, and less meat
- Grow your own garden
- Use the bike & rollers in town, use it as much as you can
- Use public transport instead of car (and your feet!)
- Use the local monney to support small shops
- Exchange instead of bying
- Plant stuff to feed the insects !
- Remove plastic use
- Clean your digital datas (unreaded mails)
- Be carefull with the energy consumption
- NO ADS in the mailbox (stop pub)
- Avoid flights with planes as much as you can
- Limit the use of non natural hygiene products
- Be gentle with yourself and the others

Room 6
-Insulation house
-compost
-concencious food shopping
-2d hand
-organic ingredient for clean, laundry
-garden
-chicken
-use bike or skateboard when is posible or commmun transport or carpooling
-cook
-vegan
-autonomie choice life


TWO QUOTES FROM OBERON (from the zero-waste family):
  • 1. "It's easy to forget how much power we have as individuals to ENACT change." [enact = decreter, promulguer; vivre, jouer (contexte theatral)]
2. "We can actually make a lot of change now and BY OSMOSIS a lot of that change will filter broadly across the population and then filter upwards into the chains of power."

Video on Zero Waste Daniel
This designer uses leftover fabric scraps to create clothes. Daniel is based in New York.
Chloe D. says in an ideal world, Daniel would have no work because there would be no leftover pieces of fabric.
Olivia says Daniel looks very friendly.
Coralie says this is interesting because fashion can have a lot of influence on people.
Usually, designers/ artists sell their art to very rich people because they are the only ones who can spend a lot of money. Chloe D. says that hopefully, with these upcycling projects, the art pieces can be more accessible to other people.
It was very interesting to see how industrial productions works (with the cookie-cutting metaphor explained by Daniel.)
Daniel thinks it's important to pay his colleagues the living wage. This means paying a descent salary which is different from the minimum wage (=salaire minimum -> SMIC).

Purchasing power = pouvoir d'achat

When you dislike the way people are categorized, you can say that they have been 'pigeon-holed' (catalogué)


https://www.france.tv/france-5/sur-le-front/2956729-ou-finissent-nos-vetements.html
a great documentary to show us where finished ours clothes………….


Afternoon activity, in groups: design a questionnaire, using sensitive phrases and vocabulary, that asks about a family's environmental impact, including compromises they might need to make.

Examples of sensitive phrases:
Do you ever + infinitive
Is it all right to + infinitive
How do you feel about + gerund [-ing]


Room 1 (magali, chloé, margaux, alexia, mailove)
- how do you feel about the idea to have a compost to have a good fertilizer plants in your garden and reduce by 30% your waste?
- would you consider eating less meat? it's better for reduce the risks of diseases (cancer, cholesterol, heart attack) + Meat industry is a big part of world pollution and deforestation + almost 80% of meat production is industrial so the animals are in small place, lots of antibiotics and they don't see the sun)
- Have you ever heard about Rainwater collection ?
- Did you know that Repair shop exist in many australian cities? Those are places where you can bring your broken objects to learn how to repair it !
-Would you feel comfortable replacing some baths with showers ? How often do you take showers per week?
- if you want, we can go together to the market next sunday to meet our local farmers and their good fresh vegetables



Room 4 Victor Lise Coralie Marie :
Have you ever see or use a compost in your life ?
Where do you like to go to buy your food ?
Would you like to tell us about the evolution of your diet ? Can you tell us if there was special event that have change your diet ?
For you, how much do you eat some meat per week ?
What do you think when i say "zero waste" ?
After your dinner, do you make a lot of food waste ? / do you throw a lot of food after your meal ?
What do you mind about the global warming ? What is the cause for you ?
When you do shopping, do you invite yourself in thinking of what you are buying before buy it ?
What are the 3 things you buy you can't live without ?
What are the 3 things that revolt you about the environnement ?
Do you know 3 season vegetables ?
Put this type of transport by order of preference :
  • bicycling
  • car
  • bus
  • walking
  • rollersblades
  • scooter
Do you considere you as a fan fashion ? Do you buy more often new clothes or second hand clothing ?
Do you consider yourself a fashion fan?
How do you feel about extreme weather events ?

Room 2 (Sylwia, amélie, Maylis, Thaïs) :
How do you feell about your food consumption ?
Do you mind if I ask about your daily ecological gesture ?
Is it all right to speak about zero waste ?
What do you think about plastic packaging ?
Do you always drive a car to go to school or to work ?
When did you take the plane for the last time ?
In your opinion what is the solution for healthy eating ?
How do you feel about fashion and second hand clothing ?
Do you have a vegetable garden and/or use a compost ?
Do you make your own beauty and cleaning products ?


Room 3 (laurie, chloé, mélanie, olivia, mathilde)
According to you, what would be the best ecological transport for your life style ?
Do you think you're able to go to work with a skateboard or a scooter?
How would you feel about buying second hand clothes or second hand furniture ?
Do you think there are advantages to buying local fruits and vegetables ?
How do you feel about reducing your meat consumption?
Do you think you would be able to create a compost for your garden ?
How do you feel about your ideal food comsumption in comparison with daily reality?
Are you satisfied when you sort your waste?
Do you think you would agree to buy big tools (machine ?) in common with your family, neighbour or close cercle?(lawn mower...)


FRIDAY

FOREIGN WORDS IN ENGLISH
Origins of English quiz
Introduction: we find out and discuss why English pronunciation and spelling can seem quite arbitrary.
We identify English/French loanwords (working in pairs) before discovering the foreign origins of some common words in English.


  • THE IMPERIAL UNITS STILL IN CURRENT USE IN THE UK (AND US)

LENGTH
12 inches (in) = 1 foot (ft), 3 ft = 1 yard, 1760 yds = 1 mile (m or mi)
1 in = 2.5 cm, 1ft = 30.5 cm, 1 mi = 1.6 km

WEIGHT
16 ounces (oz) = 1 pound (lb); 14 lbs = 1 stone, 160 st = 1 imperial ton
1 oz = 28.3g, 1 lb = 454g; 1 st = 6.3kg

LIQUIDS
20 fluid ounces (fl oz) = 1 pint (pt)
1 pint = 568 ml

And the continued use of imperial measures has become a patriotic statement ever since the introduction of the metric system (1972/73, when the UK joined the European Community). See, for instance, this article on a very senior politician (minister, House Leader) who INSISTS that his staff use imperial units: Jacob Rees-Mogg orders civil servants to use imperial measures and double spacing in style guide (civilserviceworld.com)

Today’s topic (= subject) : foreign words in English (= les mots d’origine étrangère en anglais )

QUIZ (good answer in grass)
1 Where did the english language originate ?
a. Germany and the Netherlands b. Wales c. England

2. Approximately how many word are there in the English language ?
a. 170 000 b. More than a million c. between 20 000 and 30 000

3.What percentage of English words actually have their origin in a different language ?
a. 20% b. 45% c. 80%

4. How many languages is it estimated english as "borrowed" words from ?
a. 55 b. 380 c. 126
There are more than a million words in the english language. Today, there are about 170 000 words still commonly used. On average native speakers know 20 000 to 30 000 words in english.


Room 2 : Sylwia and Alexia
Prise jack, jean, mail, basket, t-shirt, ketchup, waterproof, babysitter, badge, bar, smartphone

Expressions "bon voyage" et "bon appétit", voilà, madame,

Room 3 (Victor and Margaux and Olivia)
French borrowed to english : versatile, marketing, parking, pickpocket , hot-dog, hamburger, challenge, suspense, cool , salle de shoot, shooter, shooting, pinte,slow, fan, supporter, spot , sneakers, bagel
English borrowed to french : rendez-vous (with military) / c'est la vie / et voilà / chic / bon appétit / baguette /

Room5
Parking, Checker, design, follow, manager, break, weekend, corporate, feed-back, make up, brainstorming, sneakers, baskets, pull over, short, goal, clif hunger

Cordon bleu, petit fou, voilà

Room 6 Mathilde and Laurie
French borrowed to english : cool, challenge, start-up, business plan, burger, mug, mail, gaming, super, une star, un show, drag queen, mind-mapping / mind map, les warning, un barbecue (?), sofa, spoiler, binger / binge watcher, podacst, shopping, busy, un poster, pop corn
English borrowed to french : cliché, baguette, passé, crochet, diy, risqué

Room 7 : (Coralie, Maïlove)
French borrowed to english : cool, brainstorming, manager, planning, roof top, business, basket, roller, tee-shirt, pull, week end, sweat shirt, plan, football, bowling, make-up, brushing, design, camping, camping-car, parking, fashion, snob
English borrowed o french : Cul de sac, rendez-vous, communication, information, queue , question, issue

Room 1 : Chloé, Mag, Marie, Amélie
In France we use : weekend, marketing, shopping, cosmetique, fashion, café, parking, thé, jumping, surf, ski,
In english we use : environnement, biodiversity, foie-gras, rendez-vous, coup d etat,


  • beef / ox, mutton / sheep, veal / calf, pork / pig


Professionnal words
- CEEDDR : Coordinating project in environnemental education and sustainibility education on network
- coordinateur : coordinater or environnemental project coordinater
- touche à tout : jack of all trades
- sensibiliser : raise awareness
- accompagner : to guide, to help, to support
- a wide range of skills : un large éventail de compétences
- projet péda = educational project, environnemental education , sustainability education ("pedagogical" ne se dit pas vraiment)
- to coordinate projects : "i am an environmental project coordinator" "I manage environmental educational projects"
- to devise environnemental strategies
- to gather (rassembler) actors
- state agencies = agences d'état
- local, regional, national authorities; municipalite = (city, district, county) council
- departement = county (UK), state (US)
- environmental professionals
- novices (neophytes)
- network = réseau
- team leader = personne qui gère une réunion
- to host a meeting (être l'hôte d'une réu)
- to further, to drive something forward, to push sth forward = pousser quelque chose, construire qqch (comme un projet par exemple)
waste management; glass, plastic, compost, biodegradable waste (food waste); sorting recycling

- Collaborative tool : outils collaboratifs
- facilitator : facilitate meeting
- overall / general perspective = vision global ("vision" in english -> philosophy)
- faire du lien = bring people together / connect people
- "convenor" (orthograph?) : animateur de réunion > team leader/facilitator
- ? le fond et la forme : form and content
- ? Animateur / animation / colo / centre de loisir : holiday(UK) camp; camp activity leader ; social center
- ? centre socioculturel / quartier / habitant-es : neighbourhood/disctrict; inhabitants or locals
- ? éducation populaire / pouvoir d'agir / émancipation : capacity to act/empowerment
- ? espace de partage de savoirs : space for sharing knowledge, knowledge sharing,
- Animateur de colo : Campleader / activity leader
- ? esprit critique ? critical thinking
- ? une association / structure associative ? : association
- ? bénévole = volunteer
- ? mettre de l'huile dans les rouages : to get something running smoothly, to grease the wheels of..., facilitate
- métier : profession
collaborative knowledge gathering activities, knowledge sharing, and co-operation among decision makers

5 phrases clés, concepts, infos, message que l'on veut faire passer si qqn nous demande :
- design, coordonate, steer activities for differences audiences to environnemental education
- we support lots of differents actors / environnemental strategies, we help differents actors to collaborat, cooperate
- educational project, environmental education , sustainibility education ("pedagogical" ne se dit pas vraiment)
- to coordinate projects : "i am an environmental project coordinator"

vulgarisation et médiation scientifique : to popularise science; activities to discover environmental science/the science behind environmentalism

teaching tools = outils pedagogiques
accompagner les acteurs du territoire = support local actors
public (state)/private (business, corporate) actors
ready-to-use teaching tools for....

zones humides = wetlands; milieu forestier = forest environment/woodlands
tourbiere = peatbog; tourbe = peat
milieu = environment
X montagnard = mountain X
mer = sea; ocean = ocean

collectivite territoriale = regional government or authority
syndicat: association, federation
council waterway management

subventions = subsidies

retro-planning = reverse scheduling, draw up a reverse schedule
sceptical (UK), skeptical (US)

prestataire = service provider/je suis prestataire - I'm in the service industry/I'm in services/I provide xyz services

intermediate structure

voluntary/unpaid work

financement = funding, financing
bourses = grant

cours d'eau = waterway

classes populaires = low-income groups, the working classes

Project coordinator
Team management
Environmental education for sustainable development

Skills: Coordinating networks, initiating projects and bringing together the relevant actors and (financial) partners/sponsors/funding bodies, organising events
Consultant and mediator, facilitator
Knows how to make use of negotiation and cooperation strategies
participatory approaches
Knowledge and management of biodiversity

collaborative tools

general/global/overall perspective/approach

en alternance: I am on a sandwich course (UK) / on a work-study basis
traineeship = apprentissage
digital teaching technology? (numérique éducatif)
managing the flow of information
social and solidarity economy
identifying local issues = reperer les enjeux locaux

licence pro = vocational (Bachelor's) degree
topics: Policies and territories Natural resources

Regional Nature Reserve

a call for tender = un appel d'offre / marché publique
founding application = recherche / demande de fonds




Des films à visionner :
  • Rasta Rockett (bobsleigh)
Série "The crown"
  • des dessins animés
  • sur ARTE en VO ou VOSTFR
  • Films et ressources disponibles sur les différentes thématiques (c'est une simple recherche, je ne sais pas ce qu'ils valent)
  • imagotv.fr (vidéos, films, podcast... mais je ne sais pas s'il y a des ressources en anglais mais c'est un super site hihi) Oui c'est trop bien ce site !

  • Climate change


https://vimeo.com/146177360 Soil Solutions to Climate Problems

https://vimeo.com/94466674 Climate change

https://vimeo.com/114197188 Climate Change In North Australia (Eng)
Film Home en version anglaise : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jqxENMKaeCU