Alternative education - Homeschooling - Unschooling

Participants : Yann, Romane Ancelot, Sarah

Collaborative tools:

Mindmap about alternative education with homeschooling and unschooling

Documentary resources

Why unschooling is a method in favor of children's environmental education ?

What's homeschooling and unschooling ?

Differences and similarities
Why they are born ?

About unschooling...

" Unschooling is both easy and difficult to describe. The easy answer is that unschooling means "not schooling," but it is a lot harder to explain what we do instead of schooling.
Unschooling means not depending on the usual school methods. It means no lesson plans, no curriculum, no assignments, no quizzes or tests, no required memorizing, and no grades. It means that the parent does not become the child's schoolteacher—it means not creating a miniature classroom in the home.
Instead, unschoolers focus on living a rich and stimulating life together. Seriously, that's it. We do not "school," but, instead, we concentrate on living a life filled with opportunities and possibilities and experiences. Human children are born learners. Literally. What unschoolers aim for is keeping that love of learning and intense curiosity alive as the children grow up.
How do we do this? In practice, it is going to look very different for each unschooling family. "We follow our interests," is the unschoolers’ anthem. And, each family's interests will lead to all kinds of learning—history, math, writing, music, reading, science, and all the other real-life subject matter that is valuable and interesting. But we won't think of them as “subjects.” We'll just think of them as interesting and fun and fascinating and something we want to pursue further or not. One thing will lead to another and life goes on and kids learn and parents learn and life is full of opportunity everywhere we look.
It is natural for people to learn—each in their own way. It is natural for children to want to understand the world around them. They also want to join the adult world and become competent and capable adults themselves. They'll strive for this in their own natural ways. Unschooling parents work on creating a home environment that supports their children's natural desire to learn and grow.
Each child is unique and experiences the world in a different way than any other person and expresses themselves in ways that are different from every other person. There is no curriculum in the world that is designed specifically and dynamically for any particular child, but an unschooling lifestyle can, in effect, provide a 100 percent individualized learning experience. Unschoolers aren't likely to learn exactly what the professional educators and textbook publishers think they should—so, in that sense, they will have gaps in their learning. But they'll learn so much more, too, that is not included in those lists of "learning standards." What is important for one person to learn is not necessarily important for another and we don't really have any way of predicting what will be important to know in the future. We DO know that learning that is forced or pressured is not lasting and that most of what kids are "taught" is not truly "learned" in any kind of lasting way unless it is something in which they are interested. "

Written by Pam Sorooshian

A few key words

School methods
Pedagogical and instructive methods designed by the institutes so that every student enrolled in a public school acquires the same knowledge at the same rate.

Term referring to a person wishing to accompany their out-of-school child (or children) through non-institutional learning away from school methods.

Have an interest in something that appeals to you and for which you give your energy to devote yourself.
It attracts us without anyone being able to explain it to us.


Through artistic, lyrical, philosophical, scientific, environmental and many other fields, the child and the parent extract skills, information that correspond to their learning

Children's natural desire

The child is curious and raises questions on his own naturally. By soliciting his interest and answering his questions as well as possible, he learns durably and grows with the adult who guides him.

Educational inputs for child / Environmental education

Learnings for life, know-how and soft skills
Formal knowledge in informal education
Children's welfare, autonomy
Different ways for education (Travel (ethno-pedagogy), home, Democratic schools)
Global awareness
Relationship beetwen human and wild

What is unschooling ?...

A few key words :

Conventionnal schooling : This method of education is based on the teacher and knowledge. The learner listen the teacher who have the knowledge. The learner apply the appreciation by exercice.

Self directed education : term that define the learning by himself. The learner is his teacher.

Mentor : Mentor is a person who help, escort and advise the people who learning phase.

Curriculum : the programme of school.

Social development : improvement to peace of mind each individual of the society.

Type of unschooling day...

A few key words:

Roadschooling : Roadscholing is an educational method based on unschooling. Thanks to the trip, parents and children discover the world. Children's learning is based on daily discoveries. For example, in the video, this family travels around North America's Great Lakes . By discovering the environment, children learn different knowledge. Parents support these learnings providing concepts, questioning and giving answers.

Hands on very loose (unstructured learning): The expression "hands on very loose" that the mother says means that the children are released into the wild, which is like a large classroom. It's a very broad framework, which potentially contains a lot of learning. For example, the observation of animals hole, footprints, plants. The child goes to what makes him curious, and when the framework learning is the environment, he is curious about everything. It's an unstructured knowledge, which parents use at the end of the day to structure, in order to give meaning, coherence, to make the link between all learning.

child's needs: The child is curious and raises questions on his own naturally. By soliciting his interest and answering his questions as well as possible, he learns durably and grows with the adult who guides him. In this vidéo, the mother explains the importance of parental adaptation in this type of education. If the child lacks learning materials, he must be given, if he needs more formal time, to read a lot, or on the contrary to be outside, to adapt to it, parents must, in order to offer a daily framework that is really adapted to the child, to promote learning.

type of unschooling day (here nature & science): This video shows a type of unschooling day, but rich in learning for the children. The family spends the day outside, in natural areas, and discovers the fauna and flora of the place. Children are stimulated by all this learning. They rely heavily on parents, who provide scientific, biological and stabilized knowledge. The mother explains that in the evening, through discussions, drawings, games, a lesson on the day is given, and allows to restructure the acquired knowledge.

appropriate place: The appropriate place means a safe place for the child to learn in complete freedom. Nature is an ideal setting, there are no cars, no roads... It is also a setting where there are many stimuli such as noises, things to look at, to feel, to touch.

Summary of our work

We seek to explain what unschooling is, and to demonstrate how unschooling was a method and philosophy of education for the child development and well-being of child. Through the documents, and the interview with Thierry Pardo, we can see that the learning process in children is a natural and innate process. We believe that conventional school learning methods break the child's natural desire to learn and move towards his interests. It does not allow the child to develop according to his needs and become a well rounded personn with a self-knowledge and world knowledge. In addition to promoting this development, unschooling allows parents and family to be active in their children's education by providing an appropriate framework for the development of knowledge and learning based on daily life, discovery, the environment, and for some, the journey. Education and pedagogy are at the heart of the issues related to environmental education, we believe that this educational model cannot be separated from environmental education, since the environment is a learning support for the child. We also believe that this model is in favour of the values promoted by environmental education for sustainable development. By promoting critical thinking in children, autonomy and respect for their environment through their knowledge, unschooling is a model for a social and ecological transition.

Sarah, Romane & Yann

Interview with Thierry Pardo

Plan de communication

Objectifs :
• Toucher trois publics différents, acteurs de l’éducation pour enrichir le débat.
• Promouvoir le café Zadigozinc, lieu associatif pour les enfants à Montpellier.

Message :
Nous proposons un café partagé, sur le thème du "unschooling" le samedi 26 janvier à partir de 16h jusqu'à 19h avec un goûter partagé et une boisson offerte. Le but est de rassembler des étudiants et des professionnels intéressés par les questions d’éducation, ainsi que des parents. Pour cela nous allons échanger et partager nos expériences autour des méthodes d’éducation alternatives et plus précisement celle du unschooling. L’accueil des participants se fera au café associatif dédié aux enfants et leur entourage pour valoriser cet espace en tant que lieu d’échanges et de discussions.

Cibles :
Des étudiants de Montpellier et de Florac intéressés par les méthodes d'éducation alternatives,
Des parents d’enfants scolarisés ou non,
Des professionnels de l'éducation,

Nous souhaitons accueillir une trentaine de personnes. La capacité d'accueil maximale du lieu est de 50 personnes.

Moyens :
Moyens humain :
- Nous, étudiants et animateurs de l'action. Les bénévoles de l'association Zadigozinc s'occuperons du café-bar.
- Pour diffuser l'information, nous contacterons différentes associations de parents d'élèves sur Montpellier, ainsi que les réseaux professionnels de l'éducation (Structures d'animation sociale et socioculturelle, écoles, collèges, universités de Montpellier, Supagro de Montpellier et de Florac).

Moyens matériels :
- Lieu : Le café associatif Zadigozinc. Ce café est un lieu de vie et d'échanges, chaleureux et convivial, dédié à l'enfant et à son entourage. On peut y venir pour boire, goûter, jouer, lire et participer à des ateliers.
- Des affiches seront utilisées pour la diffusion de l'information qui seront conçues par nous. Elles seront diffusées sur le site internet de Zadigozinc, envoyées en mail aux différentes structures qui le diffuserons à leurs réseaux.Elles seront placardées à des endroits stratégiques (universités, sorties d'écoles et de collèges ...).
- Les impressions seront effectuées à l'association Zadigozinc
- Un événement sur Facebook sera publié pour diffuser et promouvoir l'action.
- Chaises et tables déjà sur place
- La cuisine de l'association sera mise à disposition pour la préparation du goûter
- Les inscriptions seront faites par téléphone (numéro sur les affiches), et grâce à un tableau collaboratif d'inscription sur Framacalc (lien sur l'événement Facebook et le mail).

Moyens financiers :

Subvention par le FSDIE (impression, goûter et boisson offerte, frais de déplacement)
Affiches = Florac : 4 x A4, 6 x A3 Montpellier : 10 x A4, 30 x A3 = 12,20€
Goûter = 100 €
Frais de déplacements: 2 allers/retours Florac-Montpellier = 80 €

TOTAL : 192,20 €

Rétroplanning :

image Capture.jpg (62.5kB)

Notre affiche :
image Diapositive1.jpg (79.9kB)

En vue de l'organisation d'un café partagé, ou café débat dans un lieu associatif emblématique de Montpellier, nous avons choisi de présenter une affiche de l'évènement, comme un des supports de ce dernier. D'abord le format affiche est diffusable facilement dans de nombreux lieux. Ensuite, c'est un support visuel qui attire le regard, interpelle les personnes, et contient l'ensemble des informations nécessaires à la compréhension de l'évènement. L'image choisit montre des enfants en train de marcher/jouer dans la nature, et plus particulièrement un enfant qui marche en équilibre sur un tronc d'arbre. Cette image est particulièrement évocatrice de la notion d'autonomie de l'enfant, qui parait s'épanouir dans la nature. Les couleurs nous évoquent une certaine douceur, qui nous paraissaient adéquate au sujet engagé. Les informations principales ressortent clairement dans notre affiche, permettant d'être visibles et donc accessibles à tous.