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A great predator : the wolf

By Elise, Marina and Sacha

Introduction

image cache_200_200_0_50_60_16777215_caribou_wolf.gif (28.5kB)
Lien vers: raesidecartoon.com
Nowadays, there are about 430 grey wolves in France. This is a protected species so it is forbidden by law to chase it.

Disappeared in the 1940s in the French territory and in most of the neighboring countries, it's in 1992 that the first two wolves are seen in the Alpes-Maritime. Often associated with the "terror" of the campaign due to its history in the French culture that is the famous beast of Gevaudan, the little red chaperon or the tale of the Grimm brother, the wolf never stop to make speak about him, and not often for good reason ...

Their presence generate a lot of consequence in:

Agriculture world

- Herd attack (sheep, cattle, ...)
- Breeder daily stress and for the animals
- Financial loss
Cynegetic level

- Population control (deer, bighorn)
- New predator in food chain
Dealing with these different consequences, many solutions has been set up but engendered new difficulty:
- Impact on tourism (protective dog,Patou, can scare walkers)
- Many charges (sheep netting, dog food, veteneray ...)

But the grey wolf is not only a french problem, it goes beyond borders. Many pack are present in other countries; Spain around 2500 wolf more exactly in the Iberian Peninsula, Italy between 2000-2400, Swiss with 4 packs and Germany 47 packs, each pack sizes vary, most packs have 6 or 7 members, although some may include as many 15 wolves.

Following our various research on the wolf and its environment we can see that it is the subject of many controversies. We have clearly a problem

Can we find a place for the wolf ?


Mind map


https://framindmap.org/c/maps/540279/embed?zoom=1

Management


http://scrumblr.ca/The%20wolf

Documents


The Guardian - BARCKHAM Patrick - Harmless or vicious hunter? The uneasy return of Europe's wolves - 2018
https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2018/jan/26/harmless-or-vicious-hunter-the-uneasy-return-of-europes-wolves
Gradual colonisation of wolves in Europe. In differents countries : reactions of people and governements, appearance and presence of this large predator. Finally a point about wolf in literature and traditional view in differents european countries.

Large predator : In predator group it's the last, there is at the top of food chain in an ecosystem. It's not a prey, it's just a predator. In this group we can identify in Europe the wolf, the bear, the lynx and the wolverine.

Tradition : Myths, legends, histories of past that has been passed down through generations. This is a base of culture and collective psych in each countries.

Conservationnists : People, organisms or associations who want protected something (here wolves in Europe)

Cohabitation : When two people/populations live together in the same place.

Support : Help for farmers to coexist with wolves. There are financial support to balance death in herd and help to protect livestock (electric fences, livestock guard dogs...).


AFP - France caught in war with wolves - 10 December 2017
https://www.thelocal.fr/20171210/france-caught-in-war-with-wolves
Breeder's witness about the impact of the wolf on the breeding job

Breeder : Job that consists of feeding, keeping farm animals, like cow, sheep, goat and then producing meat, milk and animal products

Food chain : A set of animals, occupying different positions (predator, prey, ...) and who hunts and eats each other. This allows to regulate naturally the animal population

Videos


Henry Samuel/Lewis Whyld - The Telegraph - The wolf hunt returns to France as species makes a European comeback - 22 March 2014



A video about a driven hunt organized by french beaters in Alpine foothills of Provence. It exposes the view of the hunter but also the farmer of the region who blames the wolf for ruining their age-old pastoral existence with incessant attacks on their herd.
Driven hunt : An outdoor activity consisting in regularizing an animal population (wild boar, wolf,...), a quota is established according to the density, number and location. Each department in France has their regulations law, defined by the state of the targeted population. It is organised by hunters registered in a hunting association or federation.

Patou
: Is a dog that keeps the flocks for the protection of different predators. He has a very strong protection instinct and he identifies with the animal that must protect

https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/europe/france/10716224/The-wolf-hunt-returns-to-France-as-species-makes-a-European-comeback.html


Sustainable Human - How wolves change rivers - 04 february 2012





Impact of wolves after their reintroduction in National Parc of Yellowstone (USA). They reduced populations games and they have helped to change positively the ecosytem. This exemple is in USA, not in Europe, but it is interesting to have a point of view about the impact of wolves on the environment.
Reintroduction : An action which consists of releasing an animal or vegetable species into the wild to ensure its presence in an environment where it has disappeared by natural causes or by human activity. It also avoids genetic drift (consangunity) or extinction.


AFP - The Telegraph - Sheep flock to Eiffel Tower as French farmers cry wolf - 27 November 2014






Small video on the action that shepherds led in the heart of Paris, at the foot of the eiffel tower, to protest against the increase of the attack of wolf.
Herd : A group of animals, more often agricultural world (sheep, goat, cow, ...) guided and kept by one or more breeders. It can be composed of a hundred to a thousand animals and represents a real food for predators like the wolf, the bear, ...

Effective plan: A concrete action that would stop the attack of the wolf on the flocks by using any solutions (increase of hunting quotas, more beats, ...)
https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/europe/france/11257894/Sheep-flock-to-Eiffel-Tower-as-French-farmers-cry-wolf.html


Interview



Plan de communication

Objectifs :
- Mise en place d'une conférence
- Communiquer sur notre événement afin de regrouper les différents acteurs du territoire et les habitants

Message :
Réunir les acteurs du territoire pour débattre et tenter de trouver un terrain d'entente sur la place du loup

Cibles :
La conférence est à destination des professionnels (élus locaux, des éleveurs, parc national, parc des loups du Gévaudan...) mais reste ouverte à tous les habitants du territoire.
Moyens :
- Humains : 3 étudiants de Supagro Florac
- Outils : création d'un drive pour communiquer avec les intervenants, mailing/invitation des intervenants, affiche (papier)

Planning et rôles :

image Capture_planning.png (0.1MB)

Budget :
- 100 x 3,33 = 30€ (impression des affiches)
- 200€ (2h d'intervention par visioconférence de WWF)
- 50€ pour le "pot de bienvenue"
- 400€ (location de la salle)
- 50€ (divers)

Critères de réussite :
- Diffusion des affiches
- Questionnements suite à la conférence
- Nombre de personnes présentes lors de la conférence (200 personnes)

Création de l'affiche :
On a choisi de prendre une image neutre du loup pour ne pas prendre partie dans le débat. Notre but est d'éclaircir le sujet du loup dans le monde agricole et non pas influencer les prises de position : les différents avis pourront ainsi être exposer librement.
Nous avons aussi intégrer les logos des différents intervenants.
Enfin, nous avons fait le choix d'une image de loup au centre de l'affiche pour bien illustrer le sujet du débat.
image afficheloup2_1.jpg (0.8MB)

Sketch


TheWolf

Web sites


https://www.eurolargecarnivores.eu/en/
Reflexion based on discussion/experiences to improve cohabitation between human and wolf

European Wolf Plan : project of laws proposed throughout an inter-parliementary conference "Defend pastoralism: towards a European Wolf Plan". It's for conservation, protection and management of wolves on all european territory.

"https://www.theguardian.com/environment/georgemonbiot/2012/nov/20/norway-predators-wolves"
"https://www.csmonitor.com/World/Europe/2018/0404/France-s-wolves-are-back.-Now-can-it-protect-its-farmers"
"https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/europe/france-wolves-numbers-increase-farmers-attacks-conservation-population-a8218136.html"
"https://www.dw.com/en/inside-europe-concern-over-norways-wolves/av-42108562"
"https://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-34510869"
"https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-43122088"

Documentary research (WIKIS)


Sacha https://wikis.cdrflorac.fr/wikis/LPCom2019/wakka.php?wiki=JaskoSacha
Marina https://wikis.cdrflorac.fr/wikis/LPCom2019/wakka.php?wiki=CarlettiMarina
Elise https://wikis.cdrflorac.fr/wikis/LPCom2019/wakka.php?wiki=TrichardElise