Food is a primary and universal need, involving all social groups in all parts of the world. Directly linked to the environment and sustainable development issue, it is a real subject of environmental education because it gives us a field of understanding of the environment and behavioural change. More and more, people are aware of the devastating cultivation techniques on the environment and want to take control of their food. All over the world, we can see many projects about food to help various vulnerable communities. To go further, we asked ourselves this question:
To what extent food is able to address social problems through ESDD?
In the examples we have studied, from all over the world (Africa, Asia, America, Oceania), we can see populations have in common their involvement. For these social projects work and be effective, it is necessary that motivation and involvement comes from people. In most cases, there is a great deal of mutual assistance between people in very precarious situations or towards people with physical or mental special needs. We can also see that women occupy a central place in peasant agriculture and that many projects aim to develop and value their work. It is also recurrent that agro-ecology be presented as the most effective and sustainable method to provide the social needs of developing countries, particularly in terms of food security. There is a return to a more reasonable and human scale, with smaller farms, this is very visible in urban agriculture projects, but not only. If it's necessary for projects to be based initially on existing organisations, it is important for people to have the support of the institutions to help them to achieve their goals. For NGO or governmental organizations, this institutional support makes it possible to the various communities to find land, meet and exchange on their practices, analyse and evaluate their actions.

To what extent food is able to address social problems through ESDD?

We selected three economic and social challenges addressed through this prism. The first one is the challenge of mental illness through therapeutical gardens. The second one concerns developing countries and their need to achieve food self-sufficiency. The third deals with the case of urban agriculture as a response to violence issues in sensitive neighborhoods.

I- To break out of isolation through social ties
Here is the research

II- Moving out of poverty by food autonomy
Here !

III- Social reintegration as a barrier to violence
And here !

Food is a way to reach a large public for the development of environmental education's projects and food production and especially socially and economically marginalized people. Indeed, the promotion of a sustainable agriculture and responsible consumption has a lot of benefits : notably social inclusion, physical health, psychological health, reduction of violence and territorial appropriation.

Food/Social/Poverty/Mixture/Autonomy/Responsibility/Economy/Social Link, Social Interactions/Developing Countries/Reintegration

Connection with nature to appropriate the territory
Educating for and through the environment